2.2 Any form of prejudice and discrimination can have a severe negative effect throughout a person’s life. Being undervalued by peers can make a person feel isolated and lonely. A child’s confidence and self esteem will become less and less the more they are discriminated against. They will start not wanting to be involved in activities, stop putting their hand up to ask questions. This in turn will affect their learning and ability to interact.
They can quickly fall behind from peers of the same age. They may find it difficult to interact and make friends with others who are more advanced. They may struggle with intellectual development memory and concentration. Delayed speech development A child who has limited or no speech could be a cause great concern. This would affect a child’s social and communication development as he/she would find it difficult to listen and speak to peers staff and carers this could also affect their behaviour possibly becoming frustrated and quite angry Whatever concern you have about a Childs development in any area, you should always share it with others.
Family background can effect a child's development by the family's values the culture and the way the child is encouraged and cared for all can effect the child development. The child environment can effect the development of the child e.g. Housing condition , opportunities for play and educational. Poverty and deprivation can affect the child's development because Lack of money can lead to poor nutrition and lack of opportunity and also lower expectations. Children and young people in the care system are more vulnerable,often due to the lack of stability and attachment disorder this can affect their emotional ,social and academic development.
Disabilities may affect confidence and challenge social skills. Emotional If a child or young person is not emotionally secure it could impact on their development. A child or young person who is not shown any love, attention or support or even abused at home would suffer from low self esteem and have little or no confidence or value of themselves, causing them to have difficulties in socialising and participate in learning activities. Physical Physical influences include genetic conditions such as Cystic Fibrosis and Downs syndrome, which may affect a child or young persons development, which could be from problems caused by their condition such as growth and strength, meaning a child or young person may take longer to meet particular stages of development. Environmental The environment in which a child or young person lives may affect their development.
3.2 Explain the reasons why children and young people’s development may not follow the expected patterns. There are many reasons why a child’s development not follow the expected pattern including; Disability this may affect a child’s emotional developments for many reasons. A child with a disability whether it is a physical disability or a learning disability may struggle to manage their thoughts and feelings, they may not be able to express those thoughts and feelings and as a result become increasingly frustrated. The child may be unable to form relationships with others in their peer group and may feel isolated and withdrawn. If a child with a disability has emotional developmental delay they may form friendships with children who are much younger than they are which could affect how their same age peers see them.
learning or physical. Learning disabilities which affect development could be: Autism; autism is a disability which affects how a person relates and communicates with other people and the world around them. Children with autism find it difficult to understand facial expressions or the tone of a voice. They can feel lonely and cut off from society as they avoid social interaction. This could affect their ability to development or interact in social settings or in the classroom.
Describe the potential effects of discrimination The potential effects of discrimination can be different for different people. The effects can be physical, emotional or a combination of both. For example children with disabilities may not be given a chance to join in with activities due to others thinking that their disability prevents them from being able to do so. This will make the child feel very different from others. I have listed other possible effects below * Long term effects may be: * Loss of motivation * Restricted opportunities * Limited access to services * Long term depression * Increased behavior problems * Difficulty communicating * Lack of education * Lack of achievement The effects listed above are not only ones that affect the individual; they are effects that can be experienced by the individual’s family and friends too.
A disabled person should be celebrated for their uniqueness. For example a child/person may have autism and this can affect them psychologically and can cause anxiety. They may find it hard to interact with their peers and in turn this will have a knock on affect with their social and emotional development.. A person no matter of their age who has a disability has the right to be given the same level of education and work opportunities. Learning Difficulties Children and young people with learning difficulties can to their friends and family/siblings. This can affect their development as they can find it hard to make friends and socialise.
3.3 TRANSITIONS Transitions may affect children and young people’s behaviour and development in different ways. They may become quiet and withdrawn, feel anxious, demonstrate uncharacteristic behaviour and or become attention seeking. Short and long term affects of a break up on children: Most commonly, children of separated couples will experience greater poverty. Their social and emotional development is very likely to be affected, as well as a child’s psychological and physical health. Children of separated couples may also perform worse at school and have poorer future employment prospects.
They may have feelings of loss or guilt about the father not being in the home. The child may feel responsible for the parent’s leaving the home. Children sometimes accept blame for things going wrong at home when they really should not. While researching the literature on children from single-parent homes and juvenile delinquency some of the same factors presented regarding delinquent behavior. The literature also reports that without stability in their lives these children are at risk to be victims as well as perpetrators of violence.