Tda 3.2 Schools as Organisations

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TDA 3.2 Schools as organisations L.O.: 1. Know the structure of education from early years to post-compulsory education. 1.1 Summarise entitlement and provision for early years education. Within the agenda of Very Child Matters and the Childcare Act 2006, it became a right of all 3-4 year old children to receive a free part-time early years education of up to twelve and a half hours for 38 weeks of the year. The government funds local authorities to ensure that every child receives up to two years of free education before they reach school starting age. Parents do not need to contribute to this, however if there child has more than the hours that are free, they will be charged for the extra hours the child receives. Early year’s provision in schools is about supporting the younger child. It is differing from Key Stage 1 in each country within the UK (Scotland and Northern Ireland) and is based on the concept of learning through play rather than through formal learning. Play has been shown to be an important part for children’s early learning. In Welsh and English schools, the Foundation Curriculum runs from the ages 3 to 5 years and is thus used in Reception classes and in nurseries. The Early Years Foundation Stage was introduced in England in 2008 and it sets out one standard framework for learning, development and care for all children from birth to the end of Reception year. In Scotland, the curriculum is focused around the documents called ‘Curriculum for Excellence.’ This document contains the information concerning the curriculum for 3-18 years olds. The curriculum for 3-4 year olds and the early primary groups are presented as one level. This means that that although in Scotland there is a difference between the phases, children will only move on to primary one when they are ready. There is also a big emphasis on deepening pupils’ knowledge
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