Schools as Organisations Tda 3.2

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Q1a In 2006, in conjunction with The Childcare Act and The Every Child Matters agenda, the government became responsible for ensuring that free part-time early years education was made available to all 3 and 4 year olds in England for a maximum of 15 hours per week, 38 weeks of the year. This early years provision is different from Key stage 1 curriculum as it focuses on children learning through play as opposed to a more structured curriculum. This method of learning has been shown to be invaluable in learning progress. The establishments where provision for these services are available vary and some, such as Surestart Childrens centres, can provide support right from the birth of a child. This support includes day care, full and short term, advice on health issues and general support of parents, as well as providing early years education. Provision is also made by nurseries, pre-schools and play groups which can be run by volunteers, charities or with a childminder within the home. They can also be linked to or run within a school. The LEA is responsible for ensuring quality early years education that is working towards the early learning goals monitored by OFSTED and that is accessible in its location and is available at times that are realistic and flexible for parents. In schools in England, children aged 3-5, reception classes and nurseries, all follow the foundation curriculum. The early years stage of this was revised in 2012 and created a standardised learning, development and care framework that gave provision for children from birth to end of reception, ensuring that all children have the opportunity to benefit from early years education. Q1b All children, between 5-16, in England are entitled to a free place at a state school of which there are four types in mainstream education. They all follow the national curriculum and are funded by
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