However we should adapt activities for them to joint in. Sensory impairment - If a child has a sensory impairment e.g. hearing this can affect them when mixing in groups they may not be able to hear what some say as they may be too far away or too many talking at once. Learning difficulties - a child that has a learning difficulty such as dyslexia may find it hard and frustrating, especially if they are reading as a class this may lead to behavioural problems or even not wanting to go to school which would then affect their development. 2.2 How children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of external factors Poverty and deprivation - how and where a child grows up can have an effect on their health development they may have medical problems like asthma.
A child’s temperament can affect a child's choice of activities and environments. A shy and unsociable child will shy away from meetings and getting to know strangers while a more friendly and approachable child will do the opposite. Such social interactions help the child’s learning and increase his general knowledge. On the other hand impulsive and more difficult children are more likely to get into disciplinary situations such as misbehaving and breaking school rules. This will definitely have an impact on the child's chances to learn.
According to Burnham, “If pupils suffer poor health or a physical disability/impairment, this may restrict their development opportunities.” 1.2 Describe how physical development might impact upon communication and intellectual development * If a child suffers with visual problems, they may not be able to develop their reading skills at the same rate as other children and my not contribute in group reading activities. * If a child is dyslexic, they may be struggling with certain subjects and therefore lack in confidence to tell someone they are struggling. * If a child suffers with autism, they may suffer delayed walking and this could cause them to fall behind interacting with others if they can’t get up and play with them. For example they may lack confidence to take part in sport activities or to socialise with peers. Or they may have problems with their memory and ability to learn at the same pace as their peers.
Ass 1 Task 4; Explain how children and young people`s development is influenced by a range of external factors. Some external factors that could influence children are; childcare arrangements, family, poverty previous education and where they live. If a child has been taken into care or has been moved around a lot this child could be unsettled and they might misbehave as they are afraid of rejection. This could also happen if a child`s parents separate the child would feel under pressure to choose a parent or that a parent might leave. Family can have a big effect on a child’s development for example if the child is an only child he / she will not know how to socialise with other children.
On the other hand, if the family does not seek help they may suffer from a lower level of functioning or become nonfunctioning. This leaves them unprepared for future stressors as well. In other words, instead of being supportive to each other, family members may try to place blame. The parents may make poor choices that put the children in danger. Arguments or violence between the adults or children may lead to abuse or neglect.
Children need to be encouraged or be given guidance on their life, which is why it is important for children to have good role models in both home and education settings. | Poverty | Poverty can have a huge effect on children and young people's development, overall poverty removes choices from people's lives, their choices are limited to what they can do and afford rather than what they want or need. This is why poverty is one on the five outcomes within the Every Child Matters framework stating that every child should 'achieve wealth and economic well-being. All parents and carers have roles and responsibilities within the community to promote this. Poverty can result from low income, unemployment, parental separation, illness or disability, addictions or criminal activities, all of which can lead to children suffering from malnutrition or poor diet as a result of not being able to afford quality food, which could result in lack of concentration or poor performance in school.
this impacts on the life chances of the young person because they may not be able to fully put their trusts in the adults around them because of all the new changes they have gone through. They may struggle to ask for help in later life and rely on themselves more. A young person may have moved schools which will interrupt their education and mean they will not do so well in class and could become disruptive to other pupils. A young person may become resentful of their parents and communication could of broken down, and this could to lead to them having negative feelings about themselves. This could mean that a young person turns to drugs or alcohol and not be able to access higher education or get a good job.
These include sensory difficulties, problems with social interaction, communication difficulties and a lack of flexibility and imagination. Children with Asperger’s also to tend to have obsessions or special interests. One classic indicator of A.S. is difficulties with social relationships, the child may try hard to socialise but become angry, upset or frustrated as they may be unaware of the social rules of play. This makes it difficult for the child to build friendships with their peers leading to anxiety and poor self-esteem. The child may have difficulties making and maintaining eye contact and with being touched by others unexpectedly.
Some other possible impacts of social, economic and cultural factors that will impact on the lives of children and young people can be as follows: Personal choice: A family may decide to live in a way that differs from others such as communal living or same gender parents. A travelling community child may have their schooling affected if they leave and join new schools as they travel. Housing and community: There can be a negative affect on children’s development if they have poor quality housing or cramped conditions. Families can become isolated if they live in a community where children have challenging anti-social behaviours, this can make them unwilling to let their child play in the community. Health facilities and education can be tricky to access if transport is limited.
Middle Childhood children depend on their parents to accommodate time for them to form friendships with their peers for these children to obtain social adequacy. These children also thrive best in a structured and routine environment, and find it uncomfortable when conflict and alterations to their routine are disrupted. The reason middle childhood children rely heavily on their parents to provide this environment