Mistrust Mistrust is when people don’t share the same understanding. They are always suspicious and have no confidence in the person. People lack trust in some people because of their past or what they did to them in their past. Since I have define trust and mistrust for you I can now give you the first Psychosocial stage in the description of human development which is trust versus mistrust. Stage One From ages birth to one year old, children begin to learn the ability to trust people based upon the consistency of their parents or caretakers.
This stage occurs during infancy from birth to 18 months. During this stage the child gains a sense of trust from their caregiver. By gaining this sense of trust it lets the child know everything is going to be alright and let’s know they have a safe place in this world. Without this sense of trust the child may grow up always feeling frustrated because needs were not met by the caregiver. Also not gaining the sense of trust could later on lead to suicidal attempts.
If trust develops successfully, the child gains confidence and security in the world around him and is able to feel secure even when threatened. Unsuccessful completion of this stage can result in an inability to trust, and therefore an sense of fear about the inconsistent world. It may result in anxiety, heightened insecurities, and an over feeling of mistrust in the world around them. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt. Between the ages of one and three, children begin to assert their independence, by walking away from their mother, picking which toy to play with, and making choices about what they like to wear, to eat, etc.
This stage is where a child must learn and accept what is and is not allowed and that some of the things that are not allowed could result in a punishment. When children are given the opportunity to use their initiative, for example, by making up a game, greater feelings of security are introduced with their ability to lead others and their sense of initiative is boosted. A dismissive or over controlling attitude or criticism from a carer could cause the child to become under the impression that they are a nuisance to others, making them feel embarrassed and causing them to lack self initiative. During this stage, children tend to ask many questions as they exercise interest and become more curious about their world. If negative responses towards the child’s questions are shown from the parents or carer, then the child may begin to develop feelings of guilt for showing an interest.
* Stage 1 dealt with Trust and Mistrust. One year old babies he considers to be ambivalent about trusting and not trusting their parents. They tend to trust their environment and themselves when their requests are met. This process in return leads to faith confidence in the inevitability of the environment and optimism about what’s yet to come. Alternatively frustrated babies become doubtful, apprehensive, and overly concerned with security.
Erikson’s stages of Personality development are stage 1) Trust vs. Mistrust, 2) Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt 3) Initiative vs. Guilt, and last stage 4) Industry vs. Inferiority. In Erikson’s first stage of development is very important because it is trust vs. mistrust and without trust from a teacher or adult their will not be room for any other accomplishments. In stage one of trust vs. mistrust it depends on how the mother relationship is without the child. If children do not trust people then the will mistrust them thus leading to personality problems and classroom problems.
“When a child forfeits her childhood and adolescence to take on the responsibilities for a parent, her capacity to enjoy her life as a young person, develop close friendships, and cultivate shared interests is sacrificed.” (Wallerstein, Lewis, and Blakeslee 9). When adults lean too heavily on their children, those children start to focus on taking care of their parents and may neglect their own needs. Essentially, children start to take on the role of the parent.
Day-care is Good for Children Day-care is a place where children ranging from as little as one month, to any other age, are taken care of during the day. This could be due to the parents being too busy to take care of them sometimes, either due to work, school, or other time consuming obligations. Day-care provides alternative care for little children, when their parents are away. This is often criticized by large numbers of people who believe that children should not be left under the care of strangers. The idea of taking children to day-care is unacceptable to a good number of people.
Children’s behavior depends on their environment around them. Bronfenbrenner (1977) state “according to the contextual model of child development, family is the most important microenvironment for children and has a direct and powerful influence on their personality and psychological health.” Naturally, children need to have somebody to look up to in their lives, but that does not mean that all of their role models have a good impact on them. For the last few years, it seems that kids are not getting enough attention from their parents, because of that child are acting badly like vandalizing other people’s property, drug dealing, and mistreating everyone. Several children behave badly in order to get their parents' attention. Also, the
Abusive parents who use hitting, neglecting basic needs, and other action that lower an individual’s sense of self-worth, have a negative impact on the health of a child. Nurture also affects the growth of humans, because studies show that babies who receive affection from their parents will develop from children to adults who are happy and competent. It is proven that children who lack early emotional attachments or grow up fearful and expecting to be hurt will have a difficult time relating to peers. Nurturing their children the most important thing that parents can do. A parent’s