Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe University of Washington School of Medicine, develop a scale which is used by many psychologists and therapists to determine your level of stress, based on the most stressful life events that you have had, during the past year. It determined that the higher the number, the higher your stress level, and the more effort and diligence you will need to relieve stress and tension. They considered that life events scale is based on the theory that good and bad events in a person’s life can increase stress levels. And also increased stress levels make a person more susceptible to illness and mental health problems. The Phases of Stress What is stress?
Although we are all individual, stress, anxiety, phobias and habits are influenced by the environment and genetics. How we are raised and where we live will play a large part in how we deal with the above, especially when it might involve losing our sense of reason. Stress ‘Stress occurs when an individual perceives that the demands of an external situation are beyond their perceived ability to cope with’ (Lazurus). Stress is there in our everyday lives and people are regularly exposed to it. Certain types of stress can be good for you such as the stress caused by a romantic encounter or the anticipation of a reward (Hadley and Staudacher 1996).
Stress Definition from on line encyclopaedia: In psychology, a state of bodily or mental tension resulting from factors that tend to alter an existent equilibrium. In short, stress is our body’s natural reaction to fear or change. Some levels of stress are normal. They help us to achieve at a higher level when we need to. They can also help us to make decisions that have become necessary due the “stress” that a situation has caused.
Stress involves external and internal stressors. External stressors are sources of stress that we are aware of around us which can include traumas, life experiences or simply daily hassles. Internal stressors are the sources of stress that are inside us, the thoughts, feelings and emotions that cause unease, unrealistic expectations, uncertainties, low self esteem and apprehensions. Symptoms of stress range from physical to psychological and behavioural conditions and people may experience these to varying degrees. Physical symptoms include increased heart rate, sweaty palms, muscle tension, sleep and sudden weight loss or gain.
Discuss the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias and describe how you would treat these issues with hypnotherapy Simon Wakefield MANCH 1A (A) Debbie Waller – Word Count - 1980 Though all different and separate conditions, there are also strong links or connections between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias. Each condition can cause or exacerbate the other and each condition has the potential to become completely debilitating. I intend to talk about each of the issues separately to show my understanding of them, and attempt to show the relationship between them through the use of examples and quotes from my research. Stress ‘Stress is a negative emotional feeling resulting from a person feeling a mismatch between the environment and their ability to cope with that environment’ (www.gotosee.co.uk – 3/5/11) Fear is usually the main contributing factor in cases of stress and it is important to understand that feelings of stress can arise from almost any situation that we can think of. Fear of the dentist, fear of dogs, fear of flying, all these things and many more can bring around feelings of stress.
Assess the likely immediate effects of two different forms of abuse on the health and wellbeing of adults and Evaluate the potential long term effects of these two types of abuse on the health and wellbeing of adults (M1 + D1) I am going to assess and evaluate the long term and short term effects of two types of abuse, they will be Physical and Sexual. Effects are the result of, outcome or impact of something. Immediate effects are straight away/now/instant whereas long-term effects are continuous/ongoing/consistent. Short term effects of Physical abuse are broken bones, bruises, scolds, suspicious bruising - face, head, chest, back, arms, genatalia, thighs, backs of legs and buttocks. Also if the person is hospitalised or needs surgery, poisoned from wrong medication, shock and disbelief.
There has been a number of large scale studies conducted on the physical and psychological effects of refugees, but the authors theoretical framework throughout this article gives a perspective on trauma that links long term control of a person’s body and the psychological and social consequences of that. Refugees are the uprooted and suffer losses which include social identity, home, family, livelihood, and support systems. Combining multiple theories proposed a more comprehensive framework and promotes a better understanding for service providers such as physicians and therapists in the unique concepts related to the traumatic experiences. The overall goal and theme throughout this article was to emphasize the importance of understanding all different aspects of refugee trauma such as the social, medical, political and historical backgrounds of its
What does each of these terms mean? Stressors- An outside event or situation, that causes coping changes in an individual. Strain- The result of stress such as loss of apetite, loss of concentration, frequent headaches, and sleep disturbances. Stress- The way we (people) distinguish and respond to certain events that we assess as threatening or challenging. The Biology of Stress 4.
In this essay I am going to discuss the physiological and social aspects of stress. Stress happens when a person’s perceived environmental, social, or physical demands exceed their perceived ability to cope. Stress can affect anyone at any time. An example of a physiological aspect of stress is the effect that stress has on the immune system. When we feel stress there are 2 stress response systems that can be triggered to help us cope with the stress, it depends how great the stress is as to which system gets triggered.
Unit 8 – M1, M2 & D1 – M1 – Analyse the contribution of these different psychological perspectives to the understanding and management of challenging behaviour – The Biological Approach – This approach aims to explain all behaviour and experience in terms of how the body processes. When you feel stressed this usually involves several sensations such as your heart pounding and your palms sweating, these are physical symptoms created by the nervous system reacting. Your experiences, such as stress are caused by a biological process. The nervous system is divided into the central nervous system and the autonomic nervous system which is further subdivided into the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches. The central nervous system the brain and spinal cord contain about 12 billion nerve cells/neurons.