Bowlby believed that attachments are natural and adaptive. He also believed that we are all born with an inherited need to form attachments and this is to help us survive. This can also line up with Darwin’s theory of natural selection, which explains that any behaviour that helps us to survive to maturity and reproduce will be maintained in the gene pool. For example; a baby relies on its mother for food and care etc and without the mother the baby would be helpless. Babies have social releaser which unlocks the innate tendency for adults to care for them; these are both physical and behavioural social releasers.
changing positions of individuals etc. HSC2003-Outcome 2- assist in minimising individuals pain or discomfort. 1. Describe how pain and discomfort may affect an INDIVIDUAL’S well-being and communication. Pain can effect individuals communication so it is therefore important to observe their behaviour for signs of pain.
1.2 Explain child protection within the wider concept of safeguarding children and young people. 2.1 Explain the importance of safeguarding children and young people 3.1 Explain why it is important to ensure children and young people are protected from harm within the work setting. Safeguarding use to be known as child protection, it is described as a much broader range of how practitioners working with children should act when dealing with child protection issues. By safeguarding a child or young person, we are ensuring that they have the right and opportunity to achieve their full potential. That they are protected from any physical harm, including sexual and emotional abuse, neglect and even exploitation from anyone, including professionals
I have included my own Safeguarding Children’s Policy and plan to update this when I have done this assignment if needed. There are many obstacles we have to face whilst working with multi agencies therefore I will discuss some of these points, including the importance of parent partnership. I have learnt all about the Common Assessment Framework for children and young people (CAF) and I will include my findings along with how and why a serious case review would take place. Lastly I will reflect on my own role as a professional to see what improvements I can make to my skills to help deal with situations that may arise. I am hoping by the end of this assignment to have a secure understanding of different types of abuse, how to identify it and what the next steps would be to prevent child abuse continuing.
To treat children equally a variety of unequal factors need to be taken into account in order to meet their entitlement as pupils. If my communications with the children are to be effective the factors that I must consider are: * The child’s age and stage of development * The context of the communication * Any communication differences In order for the communications to be pitched at the right level I need to know my pupils on a personal and professional basis, avoid any pre-judgements and fixed expectations and look for creative and individual solutions. a) The age and stage of development Children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates. When communicating with a child or young person I take into account their age, stage of development, ability and expectations and ensure my communicative approach is appropriate to them. Where necessary I adapt my style of communication and use appropriate communication systems that meet the child’s needs and abilities.
(Chrysalis, 2010) People presenting them self to a therapist with a stress condition may or may not know they are being affected by stress, they may not recognise that they difficulties they are presenting with whether they be a stand-alone condition such as hypo stress, or in some way interlinked with each other such as panic attacks brought on by another form of stress. The most common symptoms to recognise in a client would be- * Psychological changes- such as depression or anxiety they client may or may not know what the specific cause is; also states of confusion and lack of concentration, time management skills and lack of motivation are common. * Sleep disturbances- stress can cause insomnia as well as poor quality of sleep such as waking in the middle of the night and not being able to get back to
The current essay investigated the use of cognitive therapy in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). It first explored the theoretical framework of cognitive therapy in terms of its assumptions and identification work of cognitive error. After that, it introduced several cognitive restructuring techniques that aim to alter one’s belief regards to the meaning of traumatic event and re-experience symptom. These techniques require PTSD patient to gather further evidence in order to challenge his/her distortion thought. Introduction Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is one of the anxiety disorders.
In an attempt to portray the complexities of merging old traditions with modern lifestyles, Amy Tan and Chinua Achebe formed novels that depict how parent-child relationships are influenced by different cultures. Though they are presented under different circumstances, The Joy Luck Club and Things Fall Apart portray parent child relationships, the effect of outside influences, cultural differences, and generational gaps. Naturally parents strive to provide what is best for their children which includes, watching over them, giving them proper guidance, and going great lengths to ensure that their future will be better than their own. This motive is shown in The Joy Luck Club in the opening parable, “Feathers from a Thousand Li Away.” A woman who is emigrating to America from Shanghai, dreams that she will raise a daughter who will not only “exceed all hopes,” but unlike her mother she will be “judged according to her own worth not by that of a husband” (TAN) It is also shown in Things Fall Apart when Okonkwo is speaking to his son Nwoye, warning him that, “No matter how prosperous a man was, if he was unable to rule his women and his children (and especially his women) he was not really a man” (ACHEBE, 45) Okonkwo was referring to his father who he resents for not being the man that he desperately needed as a child. As a result of being raised by that type of parenting, Okonkwo’s “whole life was dominated by fear, the fear of failure and weakness.” He is now doing everything in his power to make sure that his son, Nwoye, will not follow after his grandfather’s habits hoping that his son will learn good work ethic and respect for his culture.
Modelling, also known as social learning is where a child engages in gender role behaviour through observation of same-sex models, internalizing and imitating their behaviours and attitudes. However a child must be able to differentiate between gender role models in order to learn what is right or wrong to do in terms of gender appropriate behaviours. The key to social learning theory is that our understanding of gender comes from our social environment. Often it is our parents who are our main role models from a young age as they are with us from birth. Based on their understanding of their gender will then influence the behaviours and
Also if there ever come a time when I have to deal with a child when they are being rude, I would have to be patient with the child and also try to get the child to trust me. Although when I go into my field, I would like to learn how to better understand each individual child's problem and learn how to deal with it. My major has been a huge part of my life on how I would better myself as well as being a great early childhood development