The south believed they had the right to lead their lives as they saw fit. In the South, instead of the church members being the boss, land owners were the dominant party. These land owners were the wealthiest and had control over the laws. Social Modernization was the key in the North and they were adamant modernization was the one for economy and the government. Railroads were being put down really fast, there were many inventions being invented, ideas were being inspired and they were moving away from the old traditional way of the Europeans.
Since England owned these particular areas of the New World, these colonies were very influenced and affected by their mother country. The social faults, political chaos, and economic distress in England during the early colonial years in America played a role in shaping the English colonial experience. The societal issues that were present in England during the 17th century pushed many people to go to the Americas. The overpopulation in England was a major incentive for many to move across the Atlantic. Another reason for migration was the idea of primogeniture, which allowed the eldest son to inherit the wealth; leaving others desperate and in hopes of finding riches overseas.
For starters, the English helped and hurt themselves when they imperialized India. England took many of India’s resources and used them to improve their own economy. They “live[d] off of India while they [were there]” (Doc. 2), making extra profit out of agriculture and manufactured goods that they didn’t have to grow or build themselves. However, England had to invest a lot of money in the improvement and modernization of India.
They would instead participate in subsistent farming, meaning they grew only what they needed to feed themselves. Beyond this, their main economic activity lied in the lumber and fishing industries due to the close proximity to bountiful resources. By using the environment to their advantage, the colonists could live prosperously in America no matter the reason why they came. Each colonist had a reason to come to America, but none was more prevalent than that of religion. Most emigrants coming to the colonies all worshipped some form of Christianity, and some came to America to freely worship their own sect.
Agriculture made human communities dependent on relatively few plants; the main crops which they grew rather than on the many different kinds of plants which hunter-gathers used. (Burt) To survive, agriculturalists had to gather all their food for the year at one or two or three harvest times, rather than gathering year round. Agriculture brought class divisions because farming introduced the concept of land ownership and thereby, there was a division among labor and owner, and on the one hand, it caused the elite became wealthier, but on the other hand, most people became poorer. In hunting and gathering society,
In the early 1600’s the colonization of the new world had started between the English and Spanish. Although they both came with very different things in mind they were both discovering America and looking for establishment. The English were focused on economic refuge, freedom of religion, and economic opportunity. The Spanish came to the New World for vastly different reasons. The Spanish came in search of silver, gold, and were driven by avidity.
The objectives of these reforms were to simply keep the Creoles from being superior or even on the same level as the Iberians. Of course the Spanish and the Portuguese were the ones to benefit by setting these reforms, however, in the long run, it was more beneficial to the indigenous peoples because it caused them to revolt and take back what was theirs. Spain By the 18th century, Spain was set back by foreign wars, increasing debt, declining population, internal revolts, and threats by its surrounding countries of France, England, and Holland. The Bourbon reforms of Spain were launched by the Bourbon dynasty because of increasing attacks on the Iberian empires by these foreign rivals, the need to strengthen the state and economy, and to secure its holds on the American colonies. Spanish troops were sent to New Spain to reinforce defense and military matters.
Low status, relative powerlessness and poverty, are not expressed directly toward mestizos, instead they are submerged into ethnic distinctions that exist in the region.” (70) “Milpa Horticulture is labour intensive in that output at harvest is directly proportional to labour invested in the field … A well kept field with a high rate of yield contributes to a man’s reputation.” Male occupants of a compound have one thing in common: they are work mates. Individual farmer is dependent on the help of a number of men. Relate to
“Second, the discovery of the Americas provided the Old World with vast quantities of relatively unpopulated land well-suited for the cultivation of certain crops that were in high demand in Old World markets.” (Nunn & Qian, 2010). With the migration, crops were traded between the Natives and the settlers. This exchange also allowed for an extension of current trade markets and the establishment of trading companies, versus trade between individuals. “Crops such
This meant that essentially capitalist kulaks were holding back Stalin’s idea of a collective farm which is owned by the state. The elite peasant farmers had advanced equipment which allowed them to profit from their work, Stalin launched his policy of dekulakisation in order to be able to take not only the land which Kulaks owned, but the livestock and machinery that allowed them to sustain themselves, and distribute it to collective farms so that they could farm more efficiently. These larger more efficient collective farms would produce grain quicker and in turn increase exports for Russia. Kulaks had too much power and influence in the countryside, they were the most powerful farmers and would have been difficult to deal with as the towns and cities were being far more focused on than the countryside. The idea of the kulak also is a problem ideologically for the communist party, as it symbolises exactly the class division which they promised to eradicate, and create equality in the countryside.