Social Organized Crime Perspective Paper Social Organized Crime Perspective Paper . According to (Mallory, 2007), social institution as it applies to organized crime is “that combination of social units and systems which perform the major social functions having locality relevance” (Mallory, 2007). Reason it applies to organized crime are for two different reasons and those being that first it recognizes the social activities and the community organization and not the legal or geographic boundaries and second is it the locality relevance of community with a set of access points (Mallory, 2007). In other terms, social institution is the community in which organized crime takes place. The communities involvement with organized crime depends on the social institution in which the community is aware of the social activities which takes place in a community and does not use the geographic or legal boundaries instead there are access points where the organized crime takes place (Mallory, 2007).
Social Organized Crime Perspective University of Phoenix CJA/384 October 03, 2011 Social Organized Crime Perspective Family, school, and churches have become to be known as social institutions, but little known is that organized crime is also a social institution. In the discussion ahead will be about defining the term social institution and how it applies to organized crime. Then continue the discussion with what empirical and speculative theories are most applicable to organized crime and criminal behavior. Social institutions are a complex set of norms, roles, positions, and values that are in certain types of social structures. These social structures organize stable patterns of human activity that deal with fundamental problems, and produce life-sustaining resources, productive individuals, and a vibrant societal structures in any given environment.
Assess Functionalist Approaches to the Study of Crime and Deviance Functionalists such as Emile Durkheim, Robert Merton and Albert Cohen all attempt to explain the nature and extent of crime in today’s society. In essence, Functionalists argue that society is based on value consensus and social solidarity which is sustained via socialisation and social control mechanisms within society. Emile Durkheim states that whilst crime is obviously a social negative with the ultimate power to destabilise society, he stands by the claim that crime is inevitable, universal, and integral to a healthy society and even having positive benefits. He claims that crime occurs in society due to two fundamental reasons; firstly, not everyone is effectively socialised to the same norms and values which leads to people being prone to deviation and secondly, due to the diverse lifestyle and subcultures in contemporary society, subcultures act out different norms and values and what members of that subculture regard as normal, mainstream culture may deem it as deviancy. The Functionalist approach to the study of crime states that crime has two positive functions for society.
Social Organized Crime Perspective Social institution is a group of people organized to achieve their goals. A social institution perspective is one who views communities as a collection of these social institutions and views the residents of the community as their members (Carlie, 2002). Social institutions are applied to organized crime in several ways. Warren (1973) defines community as “that combination of social units and systems which perform the major social functions having locality relevance.” The community’s organization is recognized by the social activities, rather than geographic or legal boundaries (Lyman & Potter, 2007). Organized crime represents a continuing, profit-motivated, criminal enterprise that employs the use of fear, violence, intimidation, and public corruption to achieve organizational goals and remain immune to law enforcement (Lyman & Potter, 2007).
This paper will also look at possible racial, gender, and other variations in the family structure-delinquency relationship. Social disorganization theories found that delinquents that commit crimes are results of social issues like their family make up, economic status, discipline, parental deviance, and also child abuse. The concept was designed as an explanation of crime, delinquency, and other social problems. Some consider family to as being the foundation of the human society. I can agree with this because how a person acts with juvenile or adult, it starts in the home.
A person becomes a product of their environment. Many believe that if you are exposed to a social group for a long enough period of time, then you start to adopt some of their traits and practices. Organized crime is a segment of a social institution. Organized crime hierarchy is similar to a social institution because it has a leader/ boss much like a social institution may have a president/leader. Then
Social Structure Theory Sue Benitez CJA/314 April 1, 2013 Renee Grengs Social Structure Theory Social Structure Theory is “a theory that explains crime by reference to the economic and social arrangements in society. This type of theory emphasizes relationships among social institutions and describes the types of behavior that tend to characterize groups of people rather than individuals” (Schmalleger, p. 151). Julio Rivera’s murder in the video “Senseless Hate Crime” can be acknowledged and studied using a social structure theoretical application. The following will explain how the video supports the theory, will explain what social issues were raised, and will show what some of the possible ramifications will be for social policy change. There are three major types of Social Structure Theory; Social Disorganization, Strain Theory, and Culture Conflict Theory.
The first explorations of deviance and crime was done by Durkheim who identified two different sides of crime for the functioning of society: positive and negative. According to Durkheim, crime was necessary for society. He argued that the basis of society was a set of shared values that guide our actions, which he named the collective conscience. The collective conscience provides boundarie which distinguishes between actions that are acceptable and those that are not. The problem for any society is that these boundaries are unclear and change over time.
Anomic theory is considered a sociological theory that tries to explain the pattern of crimes through macro level of analysis. Criminals commit crime on the basics that abnormal conditions and their surroundings cause them to have to act on it. There have been assumptions that poor commit more crimes than others. Based on several analysis crime are generally committed based on needs rather than wants. Anomie theory provides an explanation of the concentration of crime.
Models of Organized Crime Executive Summary Gene Schuldt CJA/384 10/20/2014 Thomas Borton Models of Organized Crime Executive Summary This paper is a summary about models of organized criminal. It will explain the difference between bureaucratic and patron client relations within the organized criminal activity. It will include summaries and differences between main models in organized crime and examples to understand the difference. The patron client relations is based on the social participation and mutual respect within the community and the lower-level client that is not directly affiliated with the organized criminal activity but yet associated through the mutual support within the criminal structure. Individuals within the patron-client relationship are at a lower-level, by committing the same acts within the community but are not directly related to the organized criminal organization by involvement within the company.