Which empirical and speculative theories are most applicable to this perspective as it applies to organized crime and overall criminal behavior? Properly cite your references or resources according to APA guidelines. Discussion Questions What is social disorganization? How does social disorganization contribute to organized crime? What is an example of social disorganization that created opportunistic atmospheres for organized crime?
(Introduction to Criminology, pg. 175) This writer wanted to emphasis that some gangs are more involved in social structure than the individual differences. Some of these gangs that he researched are from the low-income families and he describes it, as defiant individualism is people that become involved with money-producing economic activities whether it is legal or not. This theory of is linked into seven attributes like intense competitiveness, mistrust, self-reliance, emotional detachment, a survival instinct, a social Darwinist world-view, and a defiant attitude. An example of defiant individualism are gangs that are capable of producing benefits for their members and other people in society, they as well work in their rank, and regulating leadership.
Social institution is applied to organized crime in the sense that it is a part of the environment (Lyman & Potter, 2007). Different organized crime groups, like the mafia for example, are social institutions. Many people believe that if an
A social institution is an organization that has a particular purpose or goal used to refer to the positions, the roles, or the relations among individuals in a community persuading or influencing him or her to participate in achieving an objective. For example schools are an institution in which students come together to learn, and the teachers come together to educate students. Criminal organizations may be considered a social institution because criminals come together to organize and plan criminal activities. Social institution identifies a community of social activity and not its legal boundaries (Lyman & Potter, 2007). Organized crime can be applied to social institutions in various ways.
Models of Organized Crime Executive Summary The purpose of this document is to compose a statement of the main ideals in which Dena will link the differences between the bureaucratic and patron – client organizations. In fact, this document will speak of the similarities and differences between the dominate ideals of organized crime, and define why the models are significant for comprehending organized crime. Distinctions The patron – client system is a cluster of lawbreakers who trade knowledge, set up a system of elements of relationships with governmental and authorative bosses and gain access to a chain for the intention of helping group’s customers both politically and economically. The patron – client system commonly constructed using a ruling body strategy and made up of one dominate boss, a consultant, and other individuals. Requests moved to a lower position in a perpendicular situation with the highest supervisor and the lower individuals.
In this essay we will assess the usefulness of these functionalist theories, and look at how it helps us explain crime. One functionalist who tried to explain crime is Merton and his strain theory, the strain theory argues that people engage in the deviant behaviour when they are unable to achieve socially approved goals by legitimate means. Merton explanation combines 2 elements; structural factors- society’s unequal opportunity structure, cultural factors- strong emphasis to achieve goals and weak emphasis on using legit means. Merton uses the strain theory to explain some patterns of crime in society, he argues a person’s positioning in society affects the way they adapt or respond to the strain to anomie. Merton gives 5 different types of adaption; Conformity- the individual accepts socially acceptable goal and achieves it through legitimate means, Innovation- Individual accepts the role of success and wealth but uses illegitimate means to achieve them, Ritualism- Individual give up on legitimate goals but still follow strictly to the rules, Retreatism- Individuals reject legitimate goals and means of achieving them e.g drug addicts, the final type is Rebellion- Individuals reject existing goals and means but replace them with new one in desire to bring about revolutionary change.
Social Organized Crime Perspective Paper Social Organized Crime Perspective Paper . According to (Mallory, 2007), social institution as it applies to organized crime is “that combination of social units and systems which perform the major social functions having locality relevance” (Mallory, 2007). Reason it applies to organized crime are for two different reasons and those being that first it recognizes the social activities and the community organization and not the legal or geographic boundaries and second is it the locality relevance of community with a set of access points (Mallory, 2007). In other terms, social institution is the community in which organized crime takes place. The communities involvement with organized crime depends on the social institution in which the community is aware of the social activities which takes place in a community and does not use the geographic or legal boundaries instead there are access points where the organized crime takes place (Mallory, 2007).
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 3 This book talks about the illicit transactions in drugs by organized crime. This book also talks about the risks of organized crime. This book also talks about how organized crime’s interest in gambling began with casino gambling during prohibition and numbers running in inner city areas. Ianni, Francis, A.J. and Elizabeth Reuss-Ianni.
Two main types of structured crime groups are the Bureaucratic organization and the Patron-Client organization. The Bureaucratic organization tends to run like a business or corporation that is ran by a chain of command. The Patron-Client model on the other hand, is structured by one individual who
Crime can only be a social problem if it breaks rules in the social system. The human societies often have different minds to what a social problem consists of. There are many known definitions of social problems throughout different societies and worldwide. Criminology in the narrow sense is concerned with the study of the phenomenon of crime, and of the factors or circumstances which may have influence on or be associated with the criminal behaviour and the state of crime in general. The understanding of criminology is to see social problems and cause of the crimes and how they have affect on people in society.