Organized Crime And Social Institutions

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Social institutions are institutions that fall in a variety of categories. Some are government institutions such as colleges and government agencies including the United States Postal Service and the National Park Service. There are also social institutions that are created between people socially; an example is a club or organization such as the Boy Scouts of America. All of these examples help define social institutions. A social institution refers to “a complex of positions, roles, norms and values lodged in particular types of social structures and organizing relatively stable patterns of human activity with respect to fundamental problems in producing life-sustaining resources, in reproducing individuals, and in sustaining viable societal structures within a given environment” (Turner). The relationship between social institutions and organized crime is a very simple one. Social institutions are groups that someone may grow up in and each different experience determines who that person is. The social environment or institution that someone grows up in affects greatly who that person will become. Some social institutions have positive effects of individuals while others may have a negative effect. If someone grows up in a negative social environment many times criminal activities are introduced. One of the main types of crime organizations are crime groups. One may join an organized crime group because of their negative social environment. A person becomes a product of their environment. Many believe that if you are exposed to a social group for a long enough period of time, then you start to adopt some of their traits and practices. Organized crime is a segment of a social institution. Organized crime hierarchy is similar to a social institution because it has a leader/ boss much like a social institution may have a president/leader. Then

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