If it is a result of implicit discrimination due to lifestyle choices, then women's lower earnings result from the fact that women typically take more time off when having children or choose to work fewer hours. If it is explicit discrimination, then the pay gap is a result of stereotypical beliefs, conscious or unconscious, from those who hire and set salaries.This graph depicts the female to male earnings ratio, median yearly earnings among full time. Some other examples of the gender gap are: Women who work part time actually earn more than men who work part
Running Head: GENDER DIFFERENCES Gender Differences in Short-Term Memory SC-PNG-0000009299 Alwin Aanand Thomson American Degree Program SEGi College Penang Abstract Females have a stronger short-term memory than males. To test short-term memory, I created an experiment in which the subject would be asked to recall a list of ten terms. On average, females remembered a greater percentage of the terms than males. Women were more likely to come up with a creative way to remember the terms, revealing a better ability to adapt and respond to uncertainty. Men are often hired over women, and men make more money than women.
Some believe that wage inequality was caused by educated people versus uneducated people. Many positions search for certain skills and if you happen to be in the right place at the right time then you would receive a position with a decent wage. The wage inequality for the building industry is based off of the fairness of wages paid to all involved. Even when the building industry is booming the wages generally stay the same and do not increase. This is because of the illegal immigrants that will quickly fill any openings and work for lower wages.
Marxist theories state that inequality is not a female issue, but a class one, for they note that middle class women are often better off than working class men. This point seems futile; can inequality not be a problem of the female and the working class male? Class aside, it is an indisputable fact that by and large, women are affected more harshly by poverty than men, in Pearce’s research into poverty in the United States, she found that two thirds of the poor who were over 16 were women. Poverty is rapidly becoming a female problem. Marxists however claim that we should focus on the eradication of capitalism, because then gender disparities will swiftly follow.
Firstly although much has improved there still is discrimination and inequalities in the labour market. It is important to understand that income is the basis of an individual’s participation in society. According to Gender-Agenda (2009) women who work full-time earn, on average, 17% less per hour than men working full-time. For women who work part-time, the gap in pay 38% per
Businesses often pay individuals a wage based on current market standards. Free-market economies usually dictate specific wages for various jobs. Governments attempting to subvert market prices can reduce the demand for new workers due to a high minimum wage. Individuals can face a few negative effects from minimum wage laws. Minimum wage increases an individual annual salary, bumping the employee into a higher marginal tax bracket.
By raising the minimum wage it means having to lay people off to be able to afford paying the remaining workers the higher salary. This eventually will eventually add on to the rate of unemployment in the eyes of someone who opposes it. There would be a lot of benefits that come with increasing the minimum wage for the workers. Someone working forty hours a week at minimum wage will bring in an average of 15,000 dollars a year which would not be sufficient enough to provide the necessities for only two people (Source two). If it is increased it will have a positive effect on employees in their personal life.
(5)Earning power has been and is much more a cultural goal for men than for women (though this workplace gender preference does seem to be changing). (6)Entrepreneurial women in fields such as private-practice psychotherapist will, on the average, choose to charge less and thus make less than their male counterparts. African-Americans have often chosen workplace occupations with dreadful unemployment rates such as musicians, artists, actors, basketball players (there are thousands attempting to fit in a few hundred slots), etc. This is rapidly changing now, for many new black lawyers, engineers and business majors are emerging from schools. Great!
350,000 women were in unions in 1914, but 600,000 by 1918. Although many women found themselves earning good wages for the first time during the war, women were always paid less than men, and were not promoted as often as their male colleagues. The war did lead to real changes in social attitudes. Women had more freedom after the war. Their clothing became much simpler, with shorter skirts and sleeves.
Lukas argues that the gender pay gap is solely based on career choices between men and women. Women may choose a more relaxed, traditional or laid back position, while men may have to work jobs that require longer hours and overtime which contributes to more pay and higher pay checks. Lukas is not alone in her belief that pay discrimination has long been