Poverty is not only a lack of sufficient income or material possessions. It is also a condition in which people lack prestige and have less access to resources. The poor often have different lifestyles and different values from those of people not living in poverty. The conditions that poor people often cope with may include: unemployment or off-and-on employment, low-status and low-skill jobs, unstable family and relationships, low involvement in the community, a sense of being isolated from society, low ambition, and feelings of helplessness. Many people living in poverty are divorced, are single parents, or have unhappy marriages.
The Concept of Social Bias Selina King PSYCH/555 Social Psychology February 6, 2012 Diana Dobier The Concept of Social Bias Social bias is an individual’s prejudice attitude towards people of a specific group, based on a person’s race, gender and even religious affiliation. This paper will explore the concepts of stereotyping a person, prejudice and discriminatory behavior. There are subtle and blatant biases which the differences between the two will be explained. Social bias towards another person can have a strong impact on their lives which will be described in this paper Define Concepts of Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination There are some individuals who believe bias behaviors no longer exist in today’s society, it’s no longer a problem, while others strongly believe social bias towards a specific group or person is a current problem that can be dangerous. Some individuals choose not to discuss bias behaviors for fear their opinion on the matter will be taken out of context or they may have to listen to the same dialogue over and over again.
Additionally I will discuss the ways in which social work practice can contribute and respond to the issue of social exclusion within service users groups. The ability to define the concept of SE can prove challenging due to the contested nature of the concept. SE can be socially constructed depending on the idea of what is “normal” in that particular society (Silver, H 1994). There is rarely a complete lack of access to services or participation in society so this leads to some arbitraries about where to draw the line and who is perceived to be excluded. SE refers to the dynamic process of being shut out, fully or partially from any of the social, economic, political and cultural system which determine the social integration of the people in society (Walker and Walker, 1997).
Their lives would mainly consist of making very little money to support themselves and or families, paying bills and buying necessities for life. Getting sick would very often be a daily occurrence due to a poor standard of living. Hygiene and long-term health would deteriorate due to poor diet and unclean, animal infested living conditions causing their life expectancy to drop. They would have many daily struggles. On the other side of the spectrum, people in the rich parts would be living decadent, lavished lifestyles.
(Barnardos, 2013). There are a number of indications as to why child poverty exists, unemployment plays a big part. Unemployment is an indicator of educational disadvantage, which in turn, affects the rest of a child’s life. Lone parent families are also an indication as to why child poverty is on the rise. Single parents have a lack of funds to support their children’s needs.
Apart from the main direct cause like unemployment, poverty in our society today is the low paid, lone parents and children. However poverty can have a great impact on a child’s life. The people as well as the children who are poor could suffer greatly from problems such as social exclusion, employment, education, mental and physical health and social interaction. This is one fact why child poverty is a direct result of adult poverty, however unlike an adult, experiencing poverty as a child can have lifelong consequences in the future lifespan if they are not helped early age. Poverty is measured in two ways, namely absolute and relative poverty.
Antipoverty policies put in place by some governments include food stamps, welfare assistance, and subsidies on goods of mass consumption. Throughout this paper we will explore these parts of the theory together in the hopes that we come to a better understanding of poverty as a whole. Economic Theory of Poverty Poverty is the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money. Absolute poverty or destitution is inability to afford basic human needs, which commonly includes clean and fresh water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter. A little more than one and half billion people are estimated to live in absolute poverty today.
How do selected sociological ideas help to explain social inequality? Since the beginning of time individuals have labelled and categorised one another spawning prejudices and social divisions. The social stigma associated with ‘lesser’ communities has robbed many of its individuals of the freedom, rights and opportunities that others experience. Gender, ethnicity, education and religion are only a fraction of a multitude of factors that have fuelled this social inequity. It is important, however, to note that social equity is not about achieving equal ways of living but about ensuring that people have equal opportunities.
I argue that children raised from single-parent homes are not only at a disadvantage, but also this lifestyle can be detrimental to child development. As a single parent, the financial stress of being the sole provider has a negative affect on the family. Single-parent homes with children are more likely to live in poverty than coupled families. According to Risman, “In 2000, 6 percent of married couple families with children lived in poverty, compared with 33 percent of female householders with children.” This statistic shows the shockingly high percentage of female householders with children living in poverty. The sole provider in a single parent home often does not have the ability to work a full time job or rather obtain a job with a high paying salary.
Effects of Poverty on Children Hilario Yanez Professor Emmanuel Obi SOC100 November 20, 2014 Effects of Poverty on Children Specific Hypothesis: Poverty is the leading cause for many children from low-income families to have more learning and health problems in the United States. They also experience poverty as their families’ incomes are terribly small. This prevents their children from participating entirely in the society. Applicable Sociological Concepts: The Social-Conflict theory is being used as stated by Macionis (2010); this theory shows how inequality creates conflict to poor families by not providing equal benefits to them. Parents can’t afford good jobs to provide any benefits to their children.