When it comes to prejudice many situations are caused by stereotypes. Stereotype is when someone makes an assumption about a group because of their own thoughts on the group. Stereotypes either are positive or negative for example; “Women are warm-hearted” or “All teenagers are bad influences on society”. Stereotypes can lead to false beliefs and views; this can result in both decimation and prejudice. Society categorises individuals into groups based on age, sex and race, this relates to individuals mind set.
It also includes a suspicion of outsiders. Most cultures have their ethnocentric tendencies, which usually involve stereotypical thinking. Group closure is the process whereby groups keep clear boundaries between themselves and others. Refusing to marry outside and ethnic group is an example of how group closure is accomplished. For decades, sociologists have looked to ways of reducing and eliminating conflicts and prejudices between groups: One theory, the self‐esteem hypothesis, is that when people have an appropriate education and higher self‐esteem, their prejudices will go away.
Psychophysiology notes that “Self-serving attributions occur when negative personal outcomes are ascribed to external circumstances and when positive outcomes are ascribed to internal factors. Individuals strategically employ the self-serving bias to maintain and protect positive self-views. “(Page 511) Stereo Typing Brown, Rupert (2010). Prejudice: Its Social Psychology (2nd ed.). Stereotypes lead people to expect certain actions from members of social groups.
There are other sociologists and parents who have an opinion on people getting labeled. In this paper there will be some examples and opinions from different type of people along the way to show that labeling people could harm others more than we think. Howard Becker views the “deviant” side to society and sees that the mainstream side of society considers deviants to be the outsiders. In his book Outsiders: Studies in Sociology of Deviance Becker talks about how deviant people see themselves different from the mainstreamers and may consider the rule-abiding community as the outsiders to their group. (Florida State University web site).
Tara L. Davis 6-30-2013 PHI 103 Informal Logic Instructor: Seitu Stephens Stereotyping Paper Discuss three stereotypes you encounter in your own life and the effect those stereotypes can have on others. This can be a stereotype you realize you have been guilty of holding or someone else's. Explain (a) what the stereotype is and (b) what sort of argument, no matter how flawed, might be used to support it, and (c) identify any mistakes you find in that argument. What is Stereotype? Stereotype is widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.
Secondly is a method looking at social norms. Every culture and society has certain standards for behaviour that are acceptable. Behaviour that distinctly deviates away from these norms is considered as abnormal. However as different societies and cultures have different standards, that may change over time, it is not appropriate to use this method alone. This essay will look at two psychological theories concerning of the origins of Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia.
In “Causes of Prejudice,” Parrillo would like his audience to see that knowing the differences between the social and psychological perspectives will give a deeper understanding of inter-group relations and the rise of prejudice. These differences branch out into several categories that encapsulate an individual and may or may not be just cause for this insidious behavior towards a group or an individual. The psychological path is noted as being on four levels within an individual’s mien: prejudice, self-justification, personality, and frustration. The sociological approach is geared towards exploring behavior from within a group setting as opposed to an individual’s specific demeanor. His examples prove that there is more than one cause for prejudice and that we must take all of these into account to fully understand how prejudice can come about.
When people start judging other individuals based on a set of characteristics on a person’s membership of a social group is considered an attitude of prejudice. For example a person may hold a prejudice on a certain race, gender, nationality, socioeconomic status or ethnicity. Prejudice mainly involves two components of an attitude which are behavior and being affective. This means that people will judge in accordance of the behavior of a certain group, but also will contact elicits an emotional response which in this case is being affective. Some of the well known types of prejudice are: racism, sexism, classicism, homophobia, religious prejudice, and sometime stereotypes.
Examine the argument that social identities are often characterised by inequality. Introduction There are many ways to look at identity and what it means for us as an individual and as a social group. A Social identity is given by connections to other people and social situations. Some of these identities are given to the immediate situation which is liable to change. However it’s when others choose an identity for an individual or a group because of their circumstances that we get negative value identity or in equal identity.
Poverty stricken individuals who experience forms of discrimination may act in a particular way sometimes express negative behaviour as a result. Discrimination and poverty may well effect one’s behaviour. Less privileged individuals or those who have bad life experiences may take their frustration out on specific individuals such as police, teachers and nurses etc. Individuals may take their anger and frustration out on people they feel have a higher status or who are more en-powered. Health and social care professions may