For example, one psychologist may use descriptive psychopathology to which will strive to provide answers for symptoms or mental illness. Either way, psychopathology is formally used to study mental illness or the distresses which may be affecting an individual. The issues of the abnormal psychology will assist in the study by the way we would use it in the attempt to capture interest, trigger concerns, and demands our attention. It also brings us to form and ask certain questions pertaining to any study. Psychopathology is not the same as psychopathy, which has to do with antisocial
For example, members of black and ethnic minority groups are disproportionately represented in low wage or unemployment statistics, reflecting their low status and position in society. There are key values that underpin anti-discriminatory practice which help to identify ways in which social care practice can challenge discrimination. I will look at
Why do some people object to the term ‘mental illness’? To understand the complexity of the term ‘mental illness’, it is necessary to explore a diverse range of perspectives on varying topics that often arise within the ‘world’ of mental health. Using the elements of the K225 course model as a basis for exploration, this essay shall aim to demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the individual experiences that could lead to possible reasons why, some people may not be in favour of the term ‘mental illness’. (Unit 1, p.19). The ‘world’ of mental health briefly consists of people, services, policy, and legislation.
[pic] The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how social differences have become grounds for social exclusion. After a brief review of the definition of social exclusion, the paper will then show that social difference such as gender, social class, race and educational attainment have become grounds for social exclusion. The concept of social exclusion is relatively new, having been first introduced by Lenoir in 1974.There are many definitions of social exclusions. According to Levitas et al (2007) social exclusion occurs where different factors combine to trap individuals and areas in a spiral of disadvantage. Social exclusion is a dynamic process and can be transmitted from one generation to the next although not voluntary.
P3: Describe the potential effects of discriminatory practice on those who use health or social care services. Include the following and look at how they can result in a loss of right: Marginalisation is one of the effects of discriminatory practice. It is a social division of some people from the large society. People are separated from the society because of their age, disability, culture or social class. If people are separated from the society they will feel isolated and could lead to depression, anxiety, eating disorders, financial problems and/or health problems.
To understand what survivor guilt is we must first understand why it is that people develop this condition. There are many theories and ideas behind it, one borrows from Freud's theory about the mind and its three parts, the id, the ego and the superego. It is the superego or the conscience that allows us to maintain control over our behavior and not develop antisocial behavior (Fink, 2009). It is also what can bring about survivor guilt, especially in those who have suffered a traumatic experience. This is because the moral conscience cannot seem to justify why they were allowed to live and their friends and family weren't so they dive into depression and other conditions(Fink, 2009).
The Health of Black Folk” by Nancy Krieger and Mary Bassett analyze and criticize the ways in which modern society rationalizes the illness in the African American community. There are three different models that the authors criticize for their failure to capture the true cause of so-called racial illnesses. A model is a set of assumptions that a guide a search. Models play a very important role in scientific explanation because it a representation of assumptions about the essential structure and relationships of objects. The authors feel the real reason for the differences in the disease susceptibility are social and class based.
The origin of social disorganization theory can be traced to the work of Shaw and McKay, who concluded that disorganized areas marked by divergent values and transitional populations produce criminality. Strain theories view crime as resulting from the anger people experience over their inability to achieve legitimate social and economic success. These theories hold that most people share common values and beliefs but the ability to achieve them is differentiated throughout the social structure. The best known strain theory is Merton's, which describes what happens when people have inadequate means to satisfy their needs. Cultural deviance theories hold that a unique value system develops in lower class areas.
These allow for moral disengagement through a gradual process of detachment in which individuals or groups are placed outside the boundary within which moral values operate (Waller, 2006). These processes also involve a tendency to perceive the world as just and fair. “Just world” thinking (Lerner & Miller, 1978), is the belief that the world is just and those who suffer must have deserved it. Victims of genocide are therefore excluded from the moral universe, so moral values no longer apply to them and they are seen as deserving of their fate (Woolf & Hulsizer, 2005). For example, following World War II there were some who questioned whether Jews were partly responsible for the Holocaust as they were “weak”, “allowed it to happen” and “gave in” (Waller, 2006).
“The general strain theory departs from traditional strain theories by emphasizing the role of individual’s affective responses to negative life experiences in fostering deviant behavior.” (Aseltine, Gore, & Gordon, 2000, p. 256). In simpler terms, the general strain theory is known for being separate from the traditional strain theories because it puts its emphasis on the role of a person’s reaction to negative experiences that have occurred in their life resulting in deviant actions. “Most recently, Agnew has argued that strain may result not only from the failure to achieve positively valued goals, but also from the inability to escape legally from painful situations. If one draws on the above theories as well as the stress, equity/justice, and aggression literatures one can begin to develop a more complete classification of the types of strain.” (Agnew,1992, p.50). Agnew went on to not only explain how the general strain theory addressed the criticisms that arose with the social strain theories, but as well proclaimed that there was three different types of strain-inducing stimulants.