The fifth task is to sentence convicted criminals. When a judge sentences a convicted criminal it can be from a fine, community service, restoration, or a prison sentence. Punishment is given to fit the type of crime the criminal has committed. Many criminal cases and almost all civil cases are heard by a judge without a jury present (Role of the Judge and Other Courtroom Participants, n.d.). Witnesses are present in the courtroom to give testimonies about facts pertaining to the case.
Herbert Packer mentioned two values inherent in the Criminal Justice System; The crime control model and the due process model. Which model do you prefer, and why? The Crime Control Model and the Due Process Model both intend to serve a similar purpose: To reduce crime and protect the public. The crime control model places emphasis on reducing the crime in society through increased police and prosecutional powers. The criminal process exists to investigate crimes, screen suspects, detain dangerous defendants, and secure convictions of guilty parties.
Prosecuting those who commit crimes is very important to the overall wellbeing of society and the citizens within society. Prosecuting and convicting criminals not only prevents them from committing another crime, it also serves as a deterrent to others that may be considering breaking the law. Many courts make up the judicial branch and these courts are responsible for applying laws made by the government. The courts are made up of courtroom workgroups that are the basis of the courts proceedings. The courtroom workgroup consists of the participants that work for the court.
Law enforcement is the branch of the criminal justice system which is responsible for protecting the public by preventing and solving crimes. (www.lawyers in sight.org) In conclusion, the criminal justice system is a system designed to deter crime and to protect law abiding citizens from those individuals that participate in criminal activities that could cause them to go to jail or possible
This is the reason why the judge has the major say in juvenile court and proceedings. (Web source, www.sgc.wa.gov. Retrieved 12/10/11) A disposition is basically a sentencing by a judge/commissioner in a case involving a juvenile delinquent. A disposition can consist of community service, probation, therapy, the juvenile can be placed in a foster house, or placed in drug treatment. The judge can place multiple “sentences” on a single offense.
Probation and Parole Officers Angel Taylor Career Choices in Criminal Justice Darrin Abner 7/27/14 Probation and Parole Officers play a big part in our criminal justice systems and courts system. Both probation and parole officers work with convicted criminals. They both have many similarities and differences. They both have the same goal in mind: to have the offender rehabilitated and make a positive contribution to society (Eileen Baylus, eHow Contributor.) Probation and Parole officers both report to the courts on terms of one’s sentencing.
When offenders are sentenced to the department of corrections, in most states they are transported to a classification facility for an assesment and to be processed for the offenders needs. Security levels are an issue with imprissonment. Individuals will recieve a security level to decide the type of prison to be introduced to--depending on the crime commited. There is a range of security levels from minimum to supermaximum security facilities. the offender is then assignened a custody level when introduced to the prison to show the prcuastion that needs to be taken while working with them.
The United States views incarceration as punishment appropriate for criminal behavior since adopting a humanistic or non violent approach to punishment. The treatment, punishment, and sentencing of criminals have evolved over the years. Retribution is no longer considered the most important goal of punishment. In the past two decades the efforts in rehabilitation, deterrence, and restoration have come a long way. However, decisions regarding sentencing need to correspond with the goals of punishment to meet the common objective.
Criminal justice professionals play an important role in the court system, and if they lie on accusations and evidence, the innocent become victims of the dishonesty. A second quality that is good to see in the criminal justice professions is to be objective. It is important for our law enforcement and public servants to not let their personal goals, feelings, or prejudice to get in the way of the criminal justice goals. Objectivity ensures that the professionals will make the right choices even when they have reasons that should make them choose otherwise. A simple example of this trait could be a law enforcement officer writing a ticket to someone regardless of the relationship they may or may not have.
The key difference between these two models is that the crime control model is much more harsh and unrelenting; it emphasizes controlling crime via punishing suspects while the due process model emphasizes careful examination to ensure less innocent people are unjustly convicted. The crime control model places an emphasis on "placing as few restrictions as possible on the ability of law enforcement officers to make discretionary decisions in apprehending criminals"(Gaines). Under this model, courts would be more willing to convict offenders, even with an absence of compelling evidence. For example, a court would be more willing to accept a police officer's account of a homicide without careful cross-examination under the crime control model in order to repress crime. In contrast, the due process model emphasizes "protecting the rights of the accused through formal, legal restraints on the police, courts, and corrections" (Gaines).