Courtroom Standards Essay

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Courtroom Standards Analysis July 30th, 2012 CJA/484 Criminal Justice Administration Capstone David Mailloux Courtroom Standards The courtroom is made up of individuals that are aware of the law to a point and that can make decisions on putting an accused offender away for a criminal act he or she has committed. These individuals consist of judges, attorneys, victims, the accused, and other courtroom personnel. This paper will go over each type of individual involved in a courtroom setting and his or her role. Judges and Witnesses Judges have many responsibilities such as interpreting the law, taking in evidence throughout the case; judges also determine how the hearing and trials unfold while in the courtroom. A judge has five basic tasks, first making sure that order is maintained throughout the courtroom and throughout the trial. Second is determining if evidence provided by either party is admissible. Third before a trial begins the judge gives the jury instructions about the law and how the laws apply to the case. Fourth during a bench trial the judge must determine the facts and decide the case. The fifth task is to sentence convicted criminals. When a judge sentences a convicted criminal it can be from a fine, community service, restoration, or a prison sentence. Punishment is given to fit the type of crime the criminal has committed. Many criminal cases and almost all civil cases are heard by a judge without a jury present (Role of the Judge and Other Courtroom Participants, n.d.). Witnesses are present in the courtroom to give testimonies about facts pertaining to the case. Witnesses can be present to help the accused proving his or her innocence or they could be there to make sure the accused punishment fits the crime they have committed. Witnesses fall into three categories; plaintiff’s witnesses, government’s

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