The legacy is the perception of himself that the pharaoh left behind in the wake of his death. However, when the façade is pulled back, an entirely different figure is shown; the real Tutankhamun. Upon entering the tomb, the northern wall can immediately be glimpsed. The mural covering the wall depicts three different scenes. In one scene, Tut is identified in the form of Osiris, the God of the afterlife.
The ancient Egyptians believed firmly in the after-life and had complete faith in their gods and beliefs. The New Kingdom Egyptians believe in the cycle of life, death and rebirth, patterns that were apparent in nature. The study of the archaeological remains of Deir El-Medina (home to the artisans who built temples and tombs for pharaohs of the New Kingdom) and the Valley of the Kings (the home of tombs for kings and nobles of the New Kingdom) reveals the significance of religion to the ancient Egyptians. The Egyptians’ religious beliefs and practices were many. There were two gods that influenced their ideals on rebirth and resurrection.
However not only did he build them he even had his named written on earlier monuments built by other pharaohs. One of the many building he built was the Hall of columns and obelisks. He was closely identified with the sun god, Ra. He even made statues of himself that where 67 ft high and had 25 ft long all together it weighed 1,200 tons. (8) He also ordered the construction of a new capitol which was named Pi-Ramses A-nakhtu or “The Domain of Ramses Great victories.” It has almost disappeared today but they did find it.
THE TOMB OF TUTANKHAMUN: EGYPTIAN BURIAL PRACTISES IN THE EITHEENTH DYNASTY The Egyptians of the 18th Dynasty had a variety of burial customs, which they believed were necessary to ensure safe passage into the Underworld and to immortality. These customs started with the mummification of the body and was followed by the casting of various spells and enchantments, as well as placing them with the earthly possessions that they would need in the underworld. For the most part, the information that Egyptologists have gained over their years of exploring Ancient Egypt has led us to believe that they Egyptians of the 18th dynasty were obsessed with death and that they spent a large part of their short lives preparing for their earthly ends. On the contrary, Egyptians of the Ancient World were obsessed with life, and therefore they had a longing to continue living for eternity. The Ancient Egyptians believed that careful preparation would lead to a better and more fulfilling life in the Underworld than the one they had lived on Earth, leading to the existence of the several particular protocols that had to be carried out for each person upon their death.
The civilizations of Mesopotamia, thus creating a blend of old and new parents. Unlike Egypt. Both civilizations built immense monuments, Sumerians built Ziggurats as monuments for the gods while the Egyptians built Pyramids for tombs. Both were polytheistic, although Akhenaten and Nefertiti attempted to convert Egyptians to monotheists by believing in Aton as the only god but they were not successful. Sumerians produced The Epic of Gilgamesh describes the wanderings of Gilgamesh in search for eternal life.
However, the king was not always called a pharoah. This didn't start until the 18th dynasty in 1554 B.C. Before this, pharaoh just refered to the king's palace (“History of The Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt”). The people believed their king was not just merely a man, but that he was a god in human form (Wilson, 14). For this reason, they allowed him to have absolutecontrol over the land, government, economy, people, laws, etc.
Also at the center of the pyramid was a chamber held for the pharaohs mummified body’s surrounded by their treasurer which they thought they could carry with them to the afterlife( Culture and Values, Cunningham /Reich, 2010 , chapter 1). What is the central concept of Taoism and what does it emphasize? The central concept of Taoism is harmony with natural process in the inner (within ourselves) and outer (our surrounding) world. Taoism begun in china over 25000 yrs ago created by a sage named Confucius he wanted to create a new and virtuous social order. Taoism teached and emphasized the limitation of human perceptio, passivity, resignation and simple guidelines to live a good life in harmony with nature and the universe (Culture & Values, Cunnigham/Reich, 2010, chapter 5, pg 123).
He ruled from 1792 to 1750 B.C.E. He was a very successful ruler, who conquered many groups and cities. As his empire grew he saw a need to unify his people with one set of laws for all to follow. In addition, he wanted to make sure that his people accepted his authority as king completely without question, which he believed came directly from the gods. Hammurabi had his scribes create the world's first written, comprehensive law code.
The Amduat The Amduat also called the ‘The Book of the Secret Chamber’ is an ancient Egyptian funerary text that was used in the tombs of pharaohs or favored nobility. The Amduat’s literal meaning is “that which is in the afterworld”. The Amduat is an illustrated funerary text that was intended as a guidebook of sorts to the afterlife for pharaohs and was a long tradition in Egyptian burials. It was not until the 21st Dynasty that the text was used in tombs other than pharaohs or nobility. The Amduat’s textual, iconographic, and symbolic content are an intrinsic part of Egyptian art history.
The previous king, Akhenaten, worshiped the Atenist religion but when Tutankhamun took the throne he returned to the old religion of Amunism. Evidence of Tutankhamun’s belief in Amunism was found through a number of scarab beetles found in the tomb and near the body. The scarab beetle represented the sun god Re and his travel across the sky during the day, his ‘death’ in the evening and then his rebirth as the sun the next day. The scarab beetle is represented because of the way it dragged it’s ball of dung out of the hot sand, reminded the Egyptians of the sun’s ‘rebirth’ period. Throughout Tutankhamun’s tomb we find many artefacts that suggest that Tutankhamun greatly believed in Osiris, the King of the Underworld.