Francesca Ogilvie Mr. Morningstar M&C History August 29, 2012 In what ways did the Renaissance move Europe away from the medieval and toward the modern? Did the Renaissance help Europe develop and flourish as it is today? The Renaissance was a great era that opened up a chance of progress, and therefore modernization, for Europe. Although it begun in Italy, over a short period of time it had made it’s way to the north and then, eventually, influenced the world in many ways. The Renaissance came after the devastating Dark Ages; where Europe lost 25 million people to the Black Death, and many lost the ability to read and write (“The Black Death”).
Intellectuals began to think that the new era of Renaissance was a time to liberate away from the superstitious times of the Middle Ages and to recognize the declining power of the Roman Catholic Church. Over time many events or turning points have occurred. Along with the Crusades and Renaissance period come the Neolithic Revolution and many other life altering periods where new beliefs and ideas have changed things forever. They have given people new ways of life based on their prior surroundings. And with
Trotsky described war as the ‘locomotive of history’. How far can it be argued that change in Russia in the period 1855-1964 was caused only by involvement in wars? During this period the biggest change that happened was the move from Tsarist autocracy to communist dictatorship as well as the short lived provisional government, which was a form of democracy. Furthermore there were changes to economic policy, which had a great impact on society. The wars that occurred did bring change but were not the only causes of change.
Cromwell’s early life consisted of him entering Wolsey’s service in 1516 when he became a counsellor. He was known for being a flamboyant man due to him being well travelled (round Europe), but also could speak fluently in Italian. This seemed to be an advantage when rising to power – becoming Henry’s chief minister. Overall, I believe Cromwell didn’t to a full extent create a revolution in government due to his continuous failures, but in addition the fact that (it is believed) he only improved a medieval government and not completely changed it. There are some particular reasons of why Cromwell didn’t carry out a revolution, but Cromwell’s improvements in government should be explored so that a true opinion can be decided on Cromwell.
Many believe they should have devoted scarce resources on industrial recovery rather spending them on the National Health Service. Focusing on post-war times by investing into modernization would have greatly changed Britain, it would have created more efficient production methods which would have satisfied the rising consumerism of the British public. Failing to modernize meant that Britain wasnt growing industrially. Secondly, the Attlee government failed to make attempts to move towards the EU which was beginning to spread across the English Channel. The labour party even declined invitations into the European Union.
During history it seems that nationalism manifested its self in an era of colapse of bounderies, economic expansion, mas migration, general insecurity, drastic militarisation, which finaly led to war. Nations went to war against all that, in an atempt to preserve the things taken away by the string of events pointed out earlier. The chalenge of modernity forced ancient ethnic groups to find new ways to ensure their survival by obtaining either power sharing or separate states. In general both modernists and nationalist agree that modernism provides the main reasons for nationalist conflicts. In that context globalization has been described either the next logical step from modernism or as a separate event called postmodernity.
Introduction In this assignment, I will explore what the print revolution was and the impacts it had on early modern Europe. I will discuss the areas which it had a transforming influence, as well as presenting the alternative viewpoint that the print revolution was in fact not the key contributor and could not have had such an impact without other enabling factors. Johan Gutenburg is widely credited with the invention of the printing press. In 1454 the first book was printed on his movable metal type press in Mainz, Germany. In fact, Gutenburg’s creation was a combination of “three innovations: a way of producing movable metal type, a new kind of oil-based printer’s ink and the wooden hand press” (Knights and McShane, 2009, p.183).
TO WHAT EXTENT WOULD YOU ARGUE THAT THE REFORMATION WAS ADIRECT OUTCOME OF THE RENAISSANCE? GROUP 9 Renaissance is a very strong movement that awakened Europe to a new interest in literature, art, science and the change from medieval to modern aims and methods of thought. At the dawn of renaissance the people’s attitudes, thinking and actions were no longer influenced by the church. This led to the uncontrollable behaviour which prompted some church leaders and humanists to advocate for the reforms. This write up is an assessment of whether the reformation was a direct outcome of renaissance in Europe.
Up to this time, the Italian merchants traveled widely throughout the East, bringing goods back in hopes of making a profit. They needed little by way of mathematics. Only the elementary needs of finance were required. * Determination of costs * Determination of revenues After the crusades, the commercial revolution changed this system. New technologies in ship building and safety on the seas allowed the single merchant to become a shipping magnate.
It is through various grand, significant events and valuable changes made to which the Middle ages began and ended. Historians say that the Middle ages were a period of despair, intellectual advancement, and undividing faith towards the church and god. Focusing primarily through the 12th and 15th centuries, the Crusades and the Peasant Revolt had an immense impact on the waning of the Middle ages. Not only were great wars the reason for its end, but changes made in the 15th century greatly led Europe out of this period. The changes were Europe’s craving hunger for knowledge and the Church’s decline in power.