Middle ages had destroyed people dreams and forced them to live s meaningless pattern of life. Renaissance period brought progression change beauty. In fact the word renaissance mean rebirth. Renaissance was begin in Italy around was begin in itlay around1350 and spared through Europe until about 1600 with many new things. Renaissance is one of those historic events that needs to be understand not just for what it achieved but also for how it came to be in the first place.
“The Black Death, a catastrophic epidemic of the bubonic plague that began in Constantinople in 1347, had decimated Europe, killing (according to some estimates) more than a third of the people of the continent and debilitating its already limited economy.”1 (Brinkley, 2011) Almost 150 years later, the population had recovered and with it an awakening of commerce began. With the establishment of chartered companies and a new concept of economic life, known as mercantilism, there was big interest in goods from distant lands. These new advances allowed the newly founded companies to start up colonies allowing them to export goods found in the New World. This helped avoid having to get them from other countries. They grew an interest in quicker trade routes to the east.
Following the scientific revolution, a new way of thinking was born. This new approach, known as the Enlightenment, sought out new ideas about government, economics, religion, and education. The Enlightenment, also known as the age of reason, reached its peak in the mid 1700’s and brought great change to the world. The ideas of the Enlightenment were based on that of philosophers; men who analyzed the divine rights of monarchs, union of church and state, social equality, and the idea of a more democratic government. Men such as John Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Voltaire, and Beccaria were the main people whose ideas influenced the Enlightenment and the birth and independence of the United States.
These scientists are very important to the modern science community because they are the ones that vastly changed our views of space. These scientists have helped society gain the knowledge we have today, without which would have placed our scientific knowledge of the universe in its infancy. Being a scientist of Astronomy was not easy during the Elizabethan era. Many people were devout Catholics who followed the teachings of the church. These teachings included beliefs that God created the universe as well as controlled the universe.
Humanism in the Italian Renaissance concentrated on the individual and the individual’s wants and interests. This was a big change from the middle ages. When the reformation rolled around it changed this. The reformation rejected the secular spirit of the Italian Renaissance by shifting the focus from humanism back onto God. This change was greatly helped by the emergence of the Protestant Church, the Catholic’s Society of Jesus and rulers trying to create religious uniformity.
The World War I had brought America to the forefront of the global outlook. The war time excesses in production transformed into prosperity during the next decade which would watch America seek continued isolation despite the mounting global challenges. The Great War and the resulting Versailles Treaty left Europe in a rather deprived and devastated state where the Europeans continued to seek cultural and economic assistance from their cross-Atlantic neighbors. With new job opportunities, progressive ideas, an air of liberalism had developed around the American continent. This openness and jubilance was most evident in the arts, entertainment and economic sectors of the economy.
Martin Luther King was killed on April 4, 1968 at Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. His death led to immediate impacts and also left long term impacts for his people. After his death, riots started from the black ghettos in the western Chicago in which contradicted Martin Luther King’s philosophy of having a “Non-Violent movement”. This riot showed the violence that had happened after martin luther king’s assassination because of the number of casualties and the destruction of properties. Even though there were negative effects, his assassination also led to positive immediate effects such as the Poor People’s Campaign, and the improvement of the Civil Rights Act 1968.
The only people who enjoyed the black plague were the peasants as said in the quote “As the Black Death swung the balance in the peasants favor” (Routt). Before the disease hit Europe many people had jobs and the wages were quite low and prices very high, with a high rent too. When the Black Plague intruded Europe the opposite happened, high wages, low rent, and very low prices. This quote supports this by saying “[…] enabling laborers to negotiate better terms for prices, rents and wages” (Recker). Not only were shops greatly affected but feudalism was as well.
Now coupled with the fact that it had reoccurred outbreaks in the following years it is no wonder that the recovery time for the re population and commerce of Europe and Asia was not a quick one. It took many generation to get back to pere-plague population and economic stability that Europe had, with it also being said that Europe still feels some of the effect of the Bubonic Plague in today's society but with the capitalist system in play and living strong. When it comes to the fact that even thought the Bubonic has never be eradicated we now know how to counter act it and have a cure for this plague when it does appear today. Thanks to modern medical breakthroughs and with the fact that science and religion are no longer entwined with another we have been able to save countless live without the involvement of the church. We also have to thank the historians of the 14th century and how they documented this time in history, without them, and the doctors, and scientist we could possibility no be here
“One third of a country’s population cannot be eliminated over a period of some two and a half years without considerable dislocation to its economy and its social structure”[i] The Black Death brought about great change in Europe’s economy, society, and culture over many decades and even generations. Did the Black Death cause the Peasants’ Revolt in 1381? Did the plague contribute to the moral disintegration of European society? What imprints did it leave on European art and on the church at this time in history and beyond? In outlining the effects on economy we must look back before the arrival of the Black Death.