Treatments and procedures can be very different depending on the situation, and the comparative effectiveness research system develops the most effective approach to every situation. There are many benefits of having a comparative effectiveness research system in today’s society. The two most important benefits of the comparative effectiveness system are the improvement in quality care and cost of healthcare. In a 2009 report by the Institute of Medicine, it was stated that, “comparative effectiveness research provides an opportunity to improve the quality and outcomes of health care by providing more and better information to support decisions by the public, patients, caregivers, clinicians, purchasers and policy makers” (Jonas, 281). This system has demonstrated that expensive medical therapies don’t have to be used to treat patients.
Summary #1 Quality Improvement Strategies to Prevent Pressure Ulcers The development of pressure ulcers among patients have been raising dramatically increasing costs and length of stay. Hospitalization for a patient admitted for pressure ulcer treatment costs approx. $37,800, ranging from 2.2-3.6 billion annually for pressure ulcer treatment. Development of pressure ulcers puts the patient at risk for infection and causes stress on the immune system. Number of patients admitted for pressure ulcers cannot be controlled but hospital-acquired pressure ulcers can.
* It helps to achieve high level of performance and better quality standards. * It also achieves real time access to rate the clients. The United health care designs a program that evaluates the quality and cost effective performance system. Performance results to increase transparency and decision making. It helps to meet both quality and cost effective measures by patients.
Reflection Journal: Cost/benefit of Sustaining Life Social and Organizational Issues in Healthcare Southern New Hampshire University Written by: Pratikkumar Patel The economic evaluation of health and environmental interventions for sustaining a life is becoming increasingly important. In the light of limited funding, such evaluations can provide an important tool to demonstrate the economic return of investments in intervention, compare the effectiveness of one intervention against another and help policy-makers allocate their limited budget. As I see my career as a Healthcare Administrator, it is important for me to know method of economic evaluation that values all benefits against all costs. The resulting cost-benefit ratio gives an indication of whether or not the benefits outweigh the costs of an intervention, and hence provides a decision-making tool with a broad societal perspective. In this journal, I will be reflecting about how insurance companies, hospitals, and patients can use Cost-benefit analysis for sustaining a life.
Discuss how theory and research in health psychology has been helpful or unhelpful in addressing human problems. As Seeman (1989) stated, “if there is one dominant sub system in its impact on health, it is the cognitive subsystem” (Seeman 1989,p108) ,this in all shows how health psychology has been playing a pivotal role in addressing human health problems to a greater extent, this area of applied psychology is contemporary health issue that why it has been selected because it is a key factor in today’s healthcare and subjective wellbeing sector as it plays a major role in improving the healthcare system and governments approach to health care policies. Marks (2011) describes health psychology as an applied field which relates to the application of psychological knowledge and techniques of health, healthcare systems and illnesses in addressing human health , social and biological problems. (Marks et al, 2011, p11). Because health psychology gives its emphasis to major approaches like the behavioural approach, the cognitive-behavioural, psychophysiological, clinical psychology, general systems theory approaches et al, these theories will always make a great positive impact on addressing human problem, because the main role of health psychology is to apply health psychology to the promotion and maintenance of health, the analysis and improvement of the health care system and health policy formation, the prevention of illness and disability and the enhancement of outcomes of those who are ill or disabled (APA Divison 38).
Applying the O.B Mod. to the Healthcare Industry Research paper Brady Johnson Organizational Behavior MGMT 630 Instructor: Dr. August Bruehlman Chadron State College Abstract The healthcare industry, as a whole, is plagued with errors that result in tens of thousands of deaths and costs several billion dollars in the United States yearly. As these errors cost both human lives and have huge financial impacts on organizations they must be improved upon. Improving upon issues in the healthcare industry has proved to be very challenging with one of the primary difficulties being that the healthcare industry is entirely dependent on a human process, and therefore it becomes difficult to identify or even quantify the causes of the problem. Therefore it is the primary position of this paper, that to reduce these errors in the healthcare industry an organizational behavior approach will need to be taken.
It offers seniors with several options. One of the big choices is taking preventative care by utilizing the wellness visit (http://www.physicianspractice.com March2011.) Thus, seniors are helping to ensure a healthy future for themselves. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) is aimed at expanding access to health care and lowering cost barriers to seeking and receiving care, particularly high-value preventive care (MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2011 Oct.) Healthcare is one of the top social and economic problems facing Americans today. Medicare operates with 3% overhead, non-profit insurance 16% overhead, and private (for-profit) insurance 26% overhead (Journal of American Medicine 2007.)
Reimbursement and Pay-for-performance Theresa Kilgo HCS/531 December 16, 2013 Dr. Rachael Kehoe Reimbursement and Pay-for-performance There are a lot of problems within the health care system that State, Federal, and Local governments are trying to correct the matter by moving away from the fee-for-services model and move to the pay-for-service model. One of the problems is cost and efficiency of health care, and one of the ways that they are trying to fix the problem is with pay-for-performance. That can be defined as an incentive that provide financial funds to health care providers to carry out improvements focused on achieving prime patient issues, this program is widespread and many states have adopted the program, and many have a report that they have seen an increase in quality of care. This program was created to improve the healthcare systems, however, many authors have different meanings and roles of pay-for-performance but all agree on the definition and function of the program, “the objective of pay-for-performance initiatives is to link reimbursement to quality and efficiency as an incentive to improve the quality of health care, as well as reduce system wide costs” (Shi & Singh, 2012, p. 237). There are a lot of pros and cons of pay-for-performance in health care (see appendix for charts.)
The Effect of Failure Modes Effects Analysis and Healthcare FMEA on Healthcare Abstract The Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA), was primarily developed as a means of quality improvement in the automotive and aerospace industries; however it is now used in the healthcare industry as well. Healthcare quality assurance consists of the “activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care. To improve efficiencies in healthcare, the health industry took the FMEA model and developed the Healthcare Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (HFMEA) tool. HFMEA has the potential to increase patient safety through identification of risks prior to the actual event and though it has been beneficial to improving quality in the healthcare industry; it remains to be proven that this is the total answer to improving quality. Introduction In the last few years, the most prominent proactive risk assessment technique used within healthcare has been FMEA (Shebl, Franklin, & Barber, 2012).
It affects patients’ physical well-being, emotional well-being, social well-being, spiritual well-being and survival. The treatment should be the most disease-specific and palliative therapies, taking into account cost, availability, side effects, and patient wishes (Kuebler, Heidrich and Esper, 2007). Although medications will help to varying degrees, relief of dyspnea requires a comprehensive approach to its management. Treatment of the underlying condition or disease while concurrently addressing the symptom would be the main goal to alleviate the dyspnea, unless the patient requests comfort measures only. For the palliative care patient, the goal is excellent symptom control with the least possible sedation, allowing continued patient/family interaction (LeGrand and Walsh, 2010).