The Effects of Fema on the Healthcare Industry

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The Effect of Failure Modes Effects Analysis and Healthcare FMEA on Healthcare Abstract The Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA), was primarily developed as a means of quality improvement in the automotive and aerospace industries; however it is now used in the healthcare industry as well. Healthcare quality assurance consists of the “activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care. To improve efficiencies in healthcare, the health industry took the FMEA model and developed the Healthcare Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (HFMEA) tool. HFMEA has the potential to increase patient safety through identification of risks prior to the actual event and though it has been beneficial to improving quality in the healthcare industry; it remains to be proven that this is the total answer to improving quality. Introduction In the last few years, the most prominent proactive risk assessment technique used within healthcare has been FMEA (Shebl, Franklin, & Barber, 2012). The Institute for Healthcare Improvement defines FMEA as a systematic, proactive method for evaluating a process to identify where and how it may fail and to assess the relative impact of different failures, in order to identify the parts of the process that are most in need of change (Reams, 2011). Though the FMEA model has had a positive effect on the improvement of quality within the healthcare field; there is still room for improvement as it relates to quality healthcare. The FMEA or HFMEA approach has resulted in the identification of many risks and solutions; however, there are other various ways to gain the same outcomes and may even result in outcomes not found using the previous models. At issue as well is the validity of the results using the FMEA; based on several reliability studies. A study by Stebl et al, found that it would not be appropriate to

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