Fibromyalgia is often present when an individual has low levels of this specific neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. The body tries to cope with pain to the best of its abilities, however the pain threshold is lowered considerably and pain seems to be intensified. This condition is also strongly associated with Raynaud syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, mood and anxiety disorders, and regional pain syndromes. (Huether, 2012). With a combination of preexisting factors such as imbalances in hormones and neurotransmitters, and also any trauma or pain inducing syndromes fibromyalgia is a risk for any
Failure of one chamber causes reciprocal changes in the opposite chamber; Weakness and fatigue; Poor feeding, resulting in weight loss; Developmental delays; Irritability; Pallor and cyanosis; Dyspnea, tachypnea, orthopnea, wheezing, cough, weak cry, grunting, mild cyanosis and coastal retractions; Tachycardia; Hepatomegaly; Weight gain from edema, ascites and pleural effusion; Distended neck and peripheral veins; Sweating Nursing Diagnosis: Activity intolerance r/t generalized weakness; imbalance between oxygen supply and demand Goal: Participates in prescribed physical activity with appropriate increases in heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate Nursing Interventions and
o Moisture damage to the skin can be caused to the individual due to being unable to cope with or without aids or support. o There is an increased risk of infection. o Individual isolates self due to fear of unable to manage needs. o Cognitive deterioration due to dehydration. o Fearful of loss of dignity.
Edexcel Level 3 Diploma in Health and Social Care – (Adults) Unit 53 – Provide support to manage pain and discomfort 1) Understand approaches to managing pain and discomfort 1.1 Explain the importance of a holistic approach to managing pain and discomfort. A holistic approach to approaching pain and discomfort because, if you look only at the pain itself and not other factors such as fear, you will miss the opportunity to address that fear and by addressing fear, you could potentially reduce the amount of pain relief the individual will require (avoiding some of the unpleasant side effects when taken in large doses). Similarly, a person may not speak up about just how much pain they are in because they don't want to be a
As they focus on and worry about physical sensations, a cycle of symptoms and worry begins, which can be difficult to stop. People who have a history of physical or sexual abuse are more likely to have this disorder. It is important to have a relationship with a health care provider. The doctor should tell you that you do not have a disease, but that continued medical follow-up will help control the symptoms. Antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) can help reduce the worry and physical symptoms of this
Signs of stress might include lack of sleep, decreased immunity, high blood pressure, headache, back pain, heart palpitations, increased smoking, and abuse of drugs or alcohol, anxiety, sadness, and depression. Stress management can include physical activities and relaxation techniques. (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2009). Stressors can lead to the stress response system, best known as “the fight or flight response”. This is the body’s response to a threat or danger.
This stress can cause the body to have these ailments such as a placebo can help a person with the physical ailments(Comer, R. J., 2011). Treatments The potential treatment I feel will work the best for somatoform disorders would be insight, exposure, and drug therapy. Insight works to help the person with the somatoform disorder identify their behaviors and later change them. In the exposure part of treatment a person is exposed to the recent trauma that can cause such mental distress that causes physical illnesses. The hope is that the more the person is exposed to the trauma the less it will affect them(Comer, R. J., 2011).
Fibromyalgia and Multiple Sclerosis both have pain associated with the diseases. These pains can be muscle twitching, muscle weakness, severe weakness in an arm or leg or both. More common pain could be tingling, crawling, or burning feeling in the arms or legs. All of these lead to muscle pain which makes it very difficult to do the daily activities. A person who has these diseases could be embarrassed by symptoms such as constipation, stool leakage and urine leakage.
There must be a hierarchy of treatment goals, making basic needs and safety a priority. Patients typically use drugs and/or alcohol as coping mechanisms during the initial stages of psychiatric treatment and during treatment. Frequently, the best option for a therapist is to increase motivation for harm reduction and “sampling sobriety.” Ultimately, it is the client’s responsibility to choose where to start/how to proceed, which is determined by readiness for action (Miller & Rollnick, 2002). The three-legged stool model of dual diagnosis recovery (staying clean and sober, taking your medications, and participating in a dual diagnosis program) helps dually diagnosed patients make productive change in their lives (Martino et al, 2002). Sciacca (1997) listed aspects of dual diagnosis treatment in MI, such as: a) Forego traditional treatment readiness criteria and begin at the client’s stage of readiness/motivation and the degree of symptomatology b) Do not utilize intense, confrontational interventions in response to denial or
Part of an intervention is also the prevention of further progress of the disease or injury. Hand in hand an intervention has three categories of main prevention, primary, secondary, and tertiary. It is always best to apply the prevention by pairing it with the needs of a group, in this case the minority group of AI/ANs. The Institute for Work & Health defines the following: primary prevention is to protect healthy people from developing a disease or injury, secondary prevention happen after an illness or serious risk factor have already been diagnosed, and tertiary as helping people manage the health problems already developed such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer discussed previously ("Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Prevention," 2006). It is important to focus on the main health disparities the minority faces prior to choosing the best prevention.