Qualitative Field Research Methods

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Qualitative research is a complete, detailed description. According to H.M. Bascom qualitative research methods can provide the criminal justice researcher with a better understanding of how and why crime occurs in a specific social context. There are four main methods of qualitative field research, the first one is participant observation it’s one of the most time consuming. It requires that the researcher to become a part of a participants daily life which may require months or years to develop a factual and natural phenomenon. According to R. Bachman & R. K. Schutt Participant observation is a method for gathering date that involves establishing a relationship with people while the go on with their daily life. The second one is focus groups an unstructured group interviews where participates are instructed to discuss among each other a topic of interest. A focus group is a group people that are put together by researchers to answer or discuss a set of question. The group is chosen because they represent a target population. For Example, in criminal Justice the forces group could be from a high crime area with women who have lost child due to the crime in their neighborhoods. (Bachman, R., & Schutt, R. K. (2011) The third qualitative method is Intensive interviewing; it involves direct interaction between the researcher and a respondent or group. The researcher or interviewer ask open-ended questions which is usually unstructured questioning that deal with in-depth information that requires the participants to express their feeling and share experiences and perception on a topic that is research. (Bachman, R., & Schutt, R. K. 2011) The researchers are free to shift the discussion in any route they want to. Thus, unstructured interviewing with is particularly useful for discovering a subject generally. According to William M.K. Trochim “Because each

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