Describe an example of altruistic behavior, and state how a psychodynamic psychologist might explain the behavior. 5. Compare and contrast biological psychology and cultural psychology. Explain how and why a biological psychologist and a cultural psychologist might investigate the way people learn a particular behavior. Discussion Questions Please post questions and answers on the UNIT ONE discussion boards.
Biological viewThe psychological perspective that searches for the causes of behavior in the functioning of genes, the brain and nervous system, and the endocrine (hormone) system. Neurosciencethe field devoted to understanding how the brain creates thoughts, feelings, motives, consciousness, memories, and other mental processesCognitive viewthe psychological perspective emphazsizing mental processes, such as learning, memory, perception, and thinking, as forms of information processingmental processes, such as thinking, memory, Clinical viewthe psychological perspective emphasizing mental health and mental illness. Psychodynamic and humanistic psychology are variations on the clinical view.Humanistic psychologyA clinical viewpoint emphasizing human ability, growth, potential and free willBehavioral
Is a person exhibiting maladaptive behavior due to something genetic; or is it something neurological; something gone awry in the brain cells? The Biological Perspective considers and strives to answer these and similar questions Psycho-dynamic Perspective holds that our thoughts and emotions provoke our mood and influence our behavior. Psychoanalysis is the method of approach taken by reach people who are deeply disturbed. This method challenges the patient to release repressed emotions and to search for the meaning behind his/her Theories 3 way of thinking. The environment in which we find ourselves plays a very big part in how we
This is founded on the psychological energy named by him as libido. Sigmund Freud and his fellow psychodynamics studied the human mind’s relationship with a person’s mental or motivational factors mostly at the unconscious level. This group of psychologists divided their study into; a) Interaction of emotional forces which includes the interaction of the emotional and motivational influences that affect a person’s behavior and mental states specifically the unconscious person’s mind state; b) There are inner forces influences a person’s behavior. They concentrate their study on the study of emotional and motivational forces that have material influence on a person’s behavior and state of mind. Sigmund Freud emphasized that psychological energy was constant.
He believed that career decision reflects personality. Interesting, isn’t it? Therefore, what motivates us can be easily understood through the Freud’s concept of "unconscious motivation”, one of his main contributions to psychology. According to Freud, the unconscious mind contains ideas, thoughts and feelings, which cannot be brought to awareness by ordinary means but influences conscious thoughts and the actions of an individual. Freud identified conscious, subconscious and unconscious as three separate states of mind.
Instead of the therapist’s actively |skills they need to cope with the problems of everyday |based on Freud’s psychoanalytic approach to personality, | | |arguing with clients about their dysfunctional cognitions,|living or have acquired faulty skills and patterns that |which holds that individuals employ defense mechanisms, | | |cognitive therapists more often play the role of teacher. |are being maintained through some form of reinforcement. |psychological strategies to protect themselves from | | |Therapists urge clients to obtain information on their own|To modify abnormal behavior,
Critically discuss the understandings of individual differences Produced by Trait theory and personal construct theory. Interrogate these different understandings by reference to the theme of power relations Why do some individuals behave differently when exposed to identical situations or stimuli? And why do individuals react differently when re exposed to the same stimuli. Personality theories arose as psychologists puzzled over these individual differences. Indeed it is of great interest to many organisations as it could potentially offer the opportunity to predict and even control behaviour.
Discuss how current counselling and psychotherapy practice emerged from psychiatry and psychology. Analyse the similarities and differences between psychotherapy and counselling practices. I will assess the origins of psychoanalysis and how this impacted on subsequent schools of thought.I will discuss the importance of Freud and how some of his theories were challenged by later psychologists resulting in differing models for therapeutic practice.I will explore how these models are applied to contemporary counselling and psychotherapy. I aim to analyse the similarities and differences between counselling and psychotherapy through critical evaluation of how these practices work within society today. By establishing differences between psychiatry and psychology,how counselling and psychotherapy emerged from these disciplines becomes clearer.Psychiatry relates to the process of healing the mind through medical intervention.Psychology has its roots within academic study and research of human and animal perception.Psychoanalysis is ‘interested in exploration of the unconscious mind in order to cure’.
Abstract Carl Rogers’ and BF Skinner’s theories are examined as to how they support a view that a parent could be blamed for their child’s personality. External parental influences are a feature of both theories but these psychologists differ fundamentally on the reasons why. While Rogers supported causal factors such as internal forces or motivational states within the child, they are excluded under the Skinnerian model. Evaluation of both theories demonstrates that personality can be influenced by parents but proof and scope is limited. Should parents be blamed for their kids’ personality?
Explanation of Human Behavior Psychology evolved into a science because psychology uses scientific methods to conduct its research. Because you can’t see or touch the mind they use what is psychology that is now considered the scientific study of behavior and the mental process. Basically without psychology and its studies how would you know how the mind works? Because it isn’t something that can be seen with the eye or examined by touch. So with psychology they have all kinds of ways to test and research the mind.