However, the most straightforward answer is that psychology is about understanding people; how they think, what they say and why they do what they do. Obviously, this is not the whole answer, because there may occur a problem with trying to understand people. People are complex and change all the time as we learn from our experiences, and our behaviour is determined and influenced by many different factors. People, generally, form good intentions and are acted on by circumstances. Therefore, everyone has their own ideas and opinions about others, which can influence what we do and also how we interpret what others are doing.
It tries to understand concepts such as decision-making and memory. A few similarities are that they both deal with human behavior and are both old theories that have been replace by other, more recent approaches. They are different in that cognitive is the process and results of gaining knowledge and reasoning. Behaviorism has to do with the objective observation of the behavior. It is the basic idea that psychology is a study of external human behavior rather than mental.
Case studies involve the client and the psychologist, and the focus is to determine the most important features and structures of the client’s personality. “Case studies inherently are idiographic methods, in that the goal is to obtain a psychological portrait of
The other point is understanding the individual differences in personality characteristics, such as irritability or sociability. Personality psychology is studying how we are each unique. This is focusing on how human beings are different in terms of fundamental psychological traits. After we uncover the trait; finding out how they are discovered is next. Finding out what impacts a person during their lifetime and drives their motivation.
What are some psychological perspectives that explain human behavior? Some psychological perspectives that researchers have found are behavioral perspective, humanistic perspective, psychodynamic perspective, cognitive perspective and neuroscience perspective. Behavioral psychology is a perspective that focuses on learned behaviors. Behaviorism differed from many other perspectives because instead of emphasizing internal state, it focused solely on observable behaviors. Humanistic perspective suggests that all individuals naturally strive to grow and develop, and to control their lives and behavior.
Wundt’s structuralism approach wanted to recognize the building blocks, or the structure, of the psychological functioning. Structuralism focused on uncovering the fundamental mental components of perception, consciousness, thinking, emotions, and other kinds of mental states and activities. In addition, structuralism relied on the method called introspection, which was utilized by Wundt and colleagues like student Edward Titchener. Introspection is the process used to explore human mental function as they complete assorted tasks. These psychologists’ primary interest lied in how individuals processed sensory stimuli.
 The reality therapy approach to counseling and problem-solving focuses on the here-and-now actions of the client and the ability to create and choose a better future. Typically, clients seek to discover what they really want and how they are currently choosing to behave in order to achieve these goals. According to Glasser, the social component of psychological disorders has been highly overlooked in the rush to label the population as sick or mentally ill. Reality therapy attempts to separate the client from the behavior. Just because someone is experiencing distress resulting from a social problem does not make him sick; it just makes him out of sync with his psychological
Most usually do not compare the both as idealism and realism but more of idealism vs. realism. They seem to be the complete opposite to each other but still a part of philosophy it self but they both have their own basic factors to be told. Idealism is an approach to philosophy that regards mind, spirit, or ideas as the most fundamental kinds of reality, or at least as governing our experience of the ordinary objects in the world. Idealism is opposed to materialism, naturalism, and realism. Idealism is created more by the mind of ones thoughts and expectations.
Freudian psychoanalytic theory, on the other hand, had tended to de-emphasize conscious thought. Advances in behavioral science and experimental psychology had brought up questions of the main assumptions of psychoanalysis, and new theories of the human mind were coming. “There are actually several kinds of Cognitive-Behavioral therapies and they all employ the same general premise: in contrast to the psychodynamic emphasis on insight into unconscious motivation, the cognitive-behavioral therapies emphasize the ability of people to make changes in their lives without having to understand why the change occurs. “ Research into human emotion had found that people’s thoughts, beliefs, and assumptions about events are important in guiding emotional experience (Carson, B.M. 2000).
The cognitive behavioural theory is a psychological perspective which was born out of behaviourism and cognitive psychology. It added cognitive explanations regarding the acquiring of psychological disorders. It, unlike behaviourism, considers the learning process as much more than the stimulus-response associations. It regards the learner as actively aware and actively interpreting the situation in line of what has been acquired in the past and imposing a perceptual funnel on experience [Plante, 1999]. The existential perspective is closely related to the humanistic perspective.