In my paper I plan to provide a brief overview of the many different types of police agencies at the local, state, and federal level. I will also address the roles and functions of the police organizations and how each plays an important part in upholding and enforcing the laws established by all three branches of the government.
In the United States we have many different types of police agencies. At the local level we have agencies from campus police to transit and tribal police. The roles and responsibilities of the agencies at the local level are to patrol areas within their jurisdiction, to maintain order and to investigate crimes. Local police officers are usually the first to respond to incidents in their area. At the state level we have alcohol law enforcement agencies, highway patrol or state police, state bureaus of investigation, and port authorities just to name a few. At the federal level we have agencies within the department of justice that include the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the U.S. Marshal Service. We have agencies within the department of treasury that include the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearm (AFT). Lastly we have agencies within the Department of Homeland Security that includes the U.S Custom and Boarder Protection (CBP), Transportation Security Services and the U.S. Secret Service.
Police agencies have a bureaucratic structure and follow a military style of operation. “The systematic administration of police departments is characterized by specialization of tasks and duties, objective qualifications for positions, action according to rules and regulations, and a hierarchy of authority.” (John Wiley, 2000). Having a bureaucracy system helps each agency maximize their efficiency. Most police...