173 Reflective Journal. Week 1: Aims of the criminal Justice system This week was essentially an introductory topic and provided me with a basic understanding of the aims and operations of the criminal justice system. I learned that there is a number of different steps within the criminal justice system and the involvement of all the parties involved such as police, judge and jury and the defence. According to John Champion the main purpose of the criminal justice system is to process and prosecute individuals who commit crimes against society and to deal out suitable punishments for these individuals. This is a pivotal part in terms of maintain the functioning of society and to ensure that people don’t go around breaking laws wherever and whenever they want.
Police interact with the private lives of citizens on a daily basis. The main operational function of the police is the protection of life and property, maintaining social order, investigating crime and preventing it. The job of a police officer consists of many duties to include being a mediator, a counselor and community organizer. The ultimate goal is to provide quality and professional service that is effective and efficient to prevent crime (Walker & Katz, 2008). Police Departments and federal government agencies are similar in organizational structure and administrative style.
Although, both agencies have similarities among them, there are significant differences. This paper will discuss those similarities as well as differences in roles, policies as well as their relationship of each role to the criminal justice system. Both public policing and private security involve securing individuals as well as property, and areas. However, public policing involves various duties and roles such as, “during their shift, they may identify, pursue, and arrest suspected criminals; resolve problems within the community; and enforce traffic laws” (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 2009). Public policing also involves the response to emergency calls through the call system and at times, they must be present in court as the result of citations given for violating a specified law by citizens.
They must defend them to the best of their ability and look out for what is best for them… Prosecuting attorneys' clients are usually the people of a specific city or country. Prosecutors are ethically responsible to find justice in a more conventional sense, and therefore serve to protect their area of practice from dangerous criminals. THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM 6 Administration of
In a situation as this the the accountability of the officer includes maintaining public safety, as well as the offenders, abide by the law in apprehending the offender that put everyone around in danger, that was left to you to uphold, and ensure the reasoning for the pursuit is identifiable to be held up in court. The ramifications include completing all of the above successfully, or being responsible for a possible tragedy. The second part of this assignment requests that we Give an example of a specific situation where accountability for their actions may affect their decision making in enforcing the law. An example officers face that they may take into their accountability when making a decision is: An officer is patrolling the streets and notices that a car swerving irrationally from one side of the road to off the road. He decides to pull the car over under probable cause that something is not right.
Criminal Procedure Policy Paper CJA/364 May 1, Due process is the legal requirement that the law must respect the legal rights of every human being. The due process model demands a careful and informed consideration of the facts of each individual case. According to this model, law enforcement agents must recognize the rights of suspects during arrest, questioning, and handling. In addition, constitutional guarantees must be considered by judges and prosecutors during trials. The primary mission of the due process model is to protect innocent people from wrongful conviction.
Both of these functions are important for the protection of the public safety and the operation of the system. Adjudication is one primary focuses of the courts today. This means that the courts have to decide who is going to have to answer for a criminal act. If there wasn’t adjudication, prosecutors would be filing charges in vain. Courts play an important part in determine who is and isn’t guilty.
Civil Service Observation The criminal justice system is the structural foundation made up of a collection of federal, state, and local public agencies used to maintain social control and order for the laws set in place by congress or state officials. The system has components that work together to provide justice for the victims and criminals. The criminal justice system has three central components: police, courts, and corrections. Police roles are enforcing the law, apprehending offenders, preventing crime, predicting crime, preserving the peace, and providing service to the public. In addition, police officers utilize preventive patrol, routine incident response, emergency response, criminal investigation; problem solving is an important
Outlining the Criminal Justice System In order to understand the criminal justice system of the United States it is imperative to first understand what crime is. Simply put a crime is the violation of a rule or law put in place by a governing body (Schmalleger, 2009). This is a broad definition that allows for variation in what is considered a crime all across the United States. Despite the varying types of crimes the elements of the criminal justice system are constant. The criminal justice system is composed of three parts: law enforcement, courts of law, and corrections (Schmalleger, 2009).
The criminal justice system is set up by the government to control crime and be able to discipline those who break the crime in many different ways, some harsher than other crimes. For the most part the Criminal Justice system has 5 different components. The criminal justice works in different way depending on the jurisdiction that’s in charge; there are state, federal, tribal government or military installation, county, and city. However, different jurisdictions have different, agencies, laws, and ways to manage criminal justice process. The two main systems are State and Federal.