The police must also consider the individual rights of the accused in respect to many of the individual rights guaranteed by the Bill of Rights. The due process model explains that the main focus should be on the protection of an individual's rights. All acts should be accounted for and make sure that rights are not being violated. Under the due process model an
Courts play an important part in determine who is and isn’t guilty. Adjudication also ensure that the lower courts apply the law right. It helps ensure that judges who make a mistake are held accountable for their mistakes. Appellate courts are important to the criminal justice system. Appellate courts help decide how police officers do their jobs.
Demonstrate how support is provided to citizens by statutory and non-statutory public services. Statutory – The police is a statutory service that has to look after the public, by trying to improve the communities, make sure of citizens safety and serving the public. The police have to be there for us in almost any emergency situation in order to maintain control and prevent any crime. Their purpose is to keep the crime rate as low as possible, help the public in emergency situations and reassure us. The police are there to help by phone, internet or in person.
It is important that every law enforcement officer understand it is their obligation to investigate complaints from community members. It is even more important to know there should be consequences for complaints or misconduct allegations that are found to be true. Law enforcement officers have an obligation to prove to the community they can be trusted and this principle ensures that. In the City and County of San Francisco the Office of Citizen Complaints accepts and conducts investigations regarding these citizen complaints. In addition to these investigations it is important for law enforcement officers to report inappropriate conduct they witness to their supervisor as well.
Key priorities for the 52 police forces in the UK include maintaining public order through combating organized crime, countering the threat of terrorism, and acting against antisocial behaviour. Police officers work closely with members of the criminal justice system,
The “due process” and the “crime control” models both have to follow a protocol, regulations, and laws as described by the United States Constitution. Regardless of the approach, it is followed either by “due process”, or by the crime control model, the laws and Amendments must ensure the same approach effectively and consistently (Zalman, 2008). Both models have other differences as well. For example, the “due process” model provides that law enforcement within the criminal justice system is important to ensuring appropriate justice within society. While the “crime control” model contemplates that, the criminal justice system has an adverse consequence and progressively stops the process of arresting people within the criminal justice system.
In a situation as this the the accountability of the officer includes maintaining public safety, as well as the offenders, abide by the law in apprehending the offender that put everyone around in danger, that was left to you to uphold, and ensure the reasoning for the pursuit is identifiable to be held up in court. The ramifications include completing all of the above successfully, or being responsible for a possible tragedy. The second part of this assignment requests that we Give an example of a specific situation where accountability for their actions may affect their decision making in enforcing the law. An example officers face that they may take into their accountability when making a decision is: An officer is patrolling the streets and notices that a car swerving irrationally from one side of the road to off the road. He decides to pull the car over under probable cause that something is not right.
Police have the authority to make a decision between two or more choices. Ethical issues with regards to law enforcement have been a central part in the development of the structure of the police authorities. Police discretion is a tool used by officers which gives them the ability to utilize the law of the letter or not to enforce it to the letter of the law. Discretion in enforcing offenses allows an officer to interact with people who are making mistakes, and correct those gently restoring order without disrupting the smooth functioning of every ones lives. Discretion also allows an officer the flexibility to accept that everyone makes mistakes.
“The criminal justice system includes courts, police, and corrections. The formal channels are the strict procedures defined by the policies of the organization. The informal channels consist of the undocumented sharing of information. Both channels share in the efficiency and inefficiency of information sending and receiving” (Sinclair, 2011). Examples of formal communication channels include procedures, assignments, and various job descriptions.
Outlining the Criminal Justice System In order to understand the criminal justice system of the United States it is imperative to first understand what crime is. Simply put a crime is the violation of a rule or law put in place by a governing body (Schmalleger, 2009). This is a broad definition that allows for variation in what is considered a crime all across the United States. Despite the varying types of crimes the elements of the criminal justice system are constant. The criminal justice system is composed of three parts: law enforcement, courts of law, and corrections (Schmalleger, 2009).