Dissecting the Subconscious of the Irrational Teenager The short story “A&P” by John Updike can be thoroughly dissected through the psychoanalytical approach. This approach is based on an understanding of human disposition. It can further be broken down into Sigmund Freud’s three fundamental aspects of the human psyche, in which most processes formulate from the unconscious mind, all human behaviour is driven by sexuality and many ambitions and recollections are internally contained due to social taboos associated with sexual impulses. “A&P” by John Updike is about a young man named Sammy, who to secondary characters spontaneously quits his job. However, under the psychoanalytical lens, the reader is able to truly understand the main character’s motivation to quit through his inner desires about the three bikini-clad girls, and interactions and thoughts on Stokesie and Mr. Lengel.
By the time a child reaches the age of six if he / she has experienced neglect his/her chances of having overall poor physical health increases .Infants can develop poor physical health if neglect starts even before the child I born. A child deprived of basic necessities, such as proper pre-natal care is at risk of being born prematurely or having complications during child birth A developing child requires proper nutrition, protection and good health. About 80% of neglected children display attachment disorder symptoms and eventually form insecurities. Any child suffering neglect usually find relationships with peers disturbed and become
The third stage of the psychodynamic perspective is the phallic stage. I feel that this is where Jeffrey Dahmer most likely went wrong as a child. Taking place from the ages of three to five, the phallic stage is when masturbation starts. Attention also shifts to the opposite sex
These two well written novels are very similar, two main similarities are both Baby and Anne were never loved properly, and both Baby and Anne’s mothers died. Yet both novels are very different from each other, two main differences are Baby is loved in the foster home she lives in and was better off in it, yet Anne was neglected in her many foster homes, and both Baby and Anne are very smart individuals but Baby gets put into a practical learning class while Anne wins a scholarship. there are moments in our lives when we find ourselves at a crossroad, afraid, confused, without a roadmap. The choices we make in those moments can define the rest of our days. of course when faced with the unknown, most of us prefer to turn around and go
Psychodynamic approach to abnormality Psychodynamic approach to explaining abnormality as proposed by Freud suggests abnormal behaviours are caused by unconscious forces stemming from the subconscious mind due to unresolved conflicts that occurred in the childhood. Freud's original theory has two key elements,a model of human personality and a detailed stage theory of psychosexual development. According to the model of human personality,personality comprises of id,ego and superego. Id is a reservoir of unconscious and instinctive psychotic energy, and it operates on the pleasure principle which states that Id will constantly tries to gratify its instincts through sex and aggression. Dominance of id may lead to destructive tendencies and uninhibited sexual behaviour.On the other hand superego represents the sense of morality.
3)The superego which is is the third element and last to emerge at around the age of 5. The superego works to try to make the ego behave morally, rather than realistically and to suppress the urges of the id. Freud also believed here were 5 stages of psychosexual development, the oral, anal, phallic, latent and genital that all children go through, and that these stages determined the behaviors the child would display as adults. So if a child experienced sexual frustration in relation to any psychosexual developmental stage, s/he would experience anxiety that would follow them on into adulthood as mental disorder. Pyschodynamic therapy looks back into a clients past gaining an
2. Attachment Differences * Securely attached children play and explore comfortable when mother is near. * Insecurely attached explore less when mom is near and may cling, cry, or otherwise become upset. * Both mother and father love = predictors in childrens overall well-being. * Adult relationships = reflect the security/insecurity attachment styles of early childhood.
Individuals who experience confusing, frightening, or broken emotional communications during their infancy often grow into adults who have difficulty understanding their own emotions and the feelings of others. This limits their ability to build or maintain successful relationships. Attachment—the relationship between infants and their primary caregivers—is responsible for: shaping the success or failure of future intimate relationships the ability to maintain emotional balance the ability to enjoy being ourselves and to find satisfaction in being with others the ability to rebound from disappointment, discouragement, and misfortune Scientific study of the brain—and the role attachment plays in shaping it—has given us a new basis for understanding why vast numbers of people have great difficulty communicating with the most important individuals in their work and love lives. Once, we could only use guesswork to try and determine why important relationships never evolved, developed chronic problems, or fell apart. Now, thanks to new insights into brain development, we can understand what it takes to help build and nurture productive and meaningful relationships at home and at
Independent people who experience broken hearted or emotional communications while being an infant mostly grow into adults who have a harsh time understanding their emotions and the feelings they have for others. These limits their ability to build or maintain successful strong relationships. Our style of attachment affects everything, our initial relationships and sadly how relationships end. This is the reason why can help us understand the strengths in a relationship. The attachment pattern is usually recognized through the early childhood.
While most illness are physiological in origin. Some are psychosomatic and result from family tensions. Because of the ‘wonder drugs’ and wide spread immunization available today, children’s illness are shorter in duration and less severe than in physical defects. First, children who are sick for an extended period of time fall behind in their learning skills needed for play with their peers. As a result, they find they are misfits in the play group when they are able to rejoin it second, if parents consider the illness a family calamity and blame children for the expense and inconvenience, the illness has caused, it will make children tense and nervous.