Personality Psychoanalytic Theory

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Personality Psychoanalytic Theory: 3 elements control personality; id/ego/superego. Id: source of instinctive impulses, seek satisfaction wit pleasure principle. Ego: experiences/reacts to outside world, mediates between id/superego Superego: perfect angel part, want everything right Freud’s 5 Stages of Psychosexual Development: Oral: First year, smoke, overeat, talk a lot Anal: 1.5-2.5, Anal Retentive: Excessive self control, perfectionism; Anal Expulsive: No Restraint, careless; messy Phallic Stage: 3, Realize Differences Btw Sexes, own body; depression, guilt; Latency: 5-6 Years; Latent=Hidden; Repress aggression built from parents, retreat from conflict; impulses to stay hidden Genital: Puberty; aware of id; conflicts from earlier arise Carl Jung/ Theory: (1875-1961); Analytic Psychology: Religion on Behavior; Collective Unconscious; Inherited, Part of All Culture; Archetypes; Ideas/ images accumulated experiences of humans; Gods, Mother Earth, Evil Step-mother Alfred Adler/ Theory: (1870-1937); Crippled, Inferiority Complex: Overcome inadequacy, motivated to do more; Birth Order; What position you are affects outcome; Only: over-protected/spoiled, center of adult attention, difficulty sharing with siblings; Prefers adult company/ adult language. Older: May become authoritarian/ strict. power is right. Middle: even-tempered, "take it or leave it”, trouble finding place injustice fighter. Youngest: be bigger than others. huge plans never work out. stay the "baby”. Frequently spoiled. Karen Horney: (1885-1952); Basic Anxiety; Children completely dependent Erik Erikson: (1902-1994); Social relations, most important; people capable of real, meaningful choices; 8 stages; Infancy (birth to 18 months);Trust vs. Mistrust; Feeding; Children develop sense of trust when caregivers provide reliabilty, care, and affection. lack will lead to mistrust. Early Childhood

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