Lieutenant Colonel James Doolittle’s plan to attack the Japan Empire was to use B-25 aircrafts to drop on Japan and then to land in China were there would be Chinese Aircrafts to help guide and refuel the B-25s to the Chongqing Chinese military base. The aircraft carrier could get away without being destroyed because the B-25s did not come back to land on it. The B-25s were to take off 450 miles away from the coast of Japan. On the morning of April 2 1942 the USS Hornet, left the safety of the United States to bomb Japan. The USS Hornet 71 Officers and 130 Enlisted men were aboard.
The Americans had estimated that there were about 65,000 Japanese troops on the island; the Americans plan was to destroy what was left of the Japanese merchant fleet and use airstrips in the region to launch bombing raids on Japan’s industrial heartland. Being named the bloodiest battle in the Pacific War meant more than just a few casualties. The invasion began on April 1, when 60,000 American troops landed on the front lines. The battle proceeded in four phases: First, the advance of the eastern coast; Second, the clearing of the northern part of the island; Third, the occupation of the outlying islands and Fourth, the main battle which started on April 6, and did not end until June 21. The final phase was extremely difficult because the Japanese were well entrenched and the naval
The German Luftwaffe often sent 109 fighters to bomb English cities with an aim to destroy civilian morale. They were called “blitzes”. The English retaliation to these blitzes killed more citizens in Hamburg than all the blitzes combined. The war in the skies was an important part of WWII. It’s important to study how aircraft was used during WWII because the effects were so devastating.
- A second Allied Task Force made up of the USS Lexington and the USS Yorktown. There were also cruisers and destroyers that protected the aircraft carriers - The Japanese Carrier Striking Force: Zuikaku and Shokaku. There were also cruisers and destroyers that protected the aircraft carriers 3. Why was the battle significant? It was significant because it was the first failure that the Japanese had experience in WW2.
Sunday, December 7th 1941, 5:00 A.m. a Japanese fleet of 6 aircraft carries sit 230 miles north of Hawaii. 350 pilots say their prayers before going out on their mission to bomb Pearl Harbor. Planning this attack took a year and months to practice low altitude torpedo runs and high altitude precision bomb droppings. There goal was to sink the aircraft carriers and if they weren’t there they were going to sink the battleship. The attacking planes came in two waves; the first hit its target at 7:55 A.M., the island wide attack begins.
Although these two attacks occurred under separate circumstances, were 55 years apart, and had significantly different outcomes, both ships shared certain similarities regarding what they experienced. On July 26, 1945, the USS Indianapolis arrived at the Tinian island of Guam in order to deliver the world's first operational atomic bomb. Four days later, subsequent to departure from the island headed towards the Leyte Gulf in the Philippines to rendezvous with the USS Idaho, the ship was attacked by a Japanese submarine called the I-58. Within twelve minutes the whole ship was sunk with only 900 survivors of the original 1,196 man crew left floating in the water. For the following four days , the crew was left to fend for themselves in the water suffering from starvation, dehydration, body wounds, and possibly the worst of all, shark attacks.
For 2 May 1943 air raid on Darwin, see Raid on Darwin (2 May 1943). For other air raids on Darwin, see Air raids on Australia, 1942–43. Bombing of Darwin Part of World War II, Pacific War The explosion of an oil storage tank and clouds of smoke from other tanks, hit during the first Japanese air raid on Australia's mainland, at Darwin on 19 February 1942. In the foreground is HMAS Deloraine, which escaped damage. Date 19 February 1942 Location Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia Belligerents Australia United States Empire of Japan Commanders and leaders David V. J. Blake Chuichi Nagumo Strength 30 aircraft 45 ships 242 aircraft Casualties and losses 250–320 killed 300–400 wounded 23 aircraft destroyed 10 ships sunk 25 ships damaged 7 aircraft destroyed [show] v t e Axis naval attacks against Australia [show] v t e Pacific War The bombing of Darwin on 19 February 1942 was both the first and the largest single attack mounted by a foreign power against Australia.
Attack on Pearl Harbour The attack that destroyed Pearl Harbour occurred on December the 7th, 1941; this attack was a complete surprise. The United States of America had remained neutral during most of World War II. Pearl Harbour newspaper accounts described that shocking even for the record books and outline how, within only minutes after the initial attack by the Japanese, seven of the eight battleships stationed at Pearl Harbour had taken massive hits from bombs and torpedoes. Sometime before the attack on Pearl Harbour; Pearl Harbour newspaper accounts reported the growing anti-Japanese groups rising in the United States in the late 1930s due to the bloody war that occurred in China with the Japanese, as well as from the sinking of a US Navy gunboat. Leading up to Pearl Harbor, the U.S., along with Britain, East Indies and the Netherlands, formed an oil and steel agreement against Japan that did not allow these materials to be traded with them, this embargo later caused major panic in Japan due to the restricted resources.
Hundreds of Japanese fighter planes attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbour, Hawaii on December 7, 1941 “a date which will live in infamy”. From 8am Pearl Harbour was bombed, although the event lasted just 2 hours, the loss of life and naval vessels was devastating for the Americans. The attack occurred within the time frame of World War Two, and is considered a prominent historical event as it drove the United States, “the world’s most powerful economy” into the war which thereafter had considerable impacts. The causes of the 1941 bombing of Pearl Harbour include; Japanese imperialistic tendencies and ambitions, the tripartite axis agreement which encouraged Japan into aggression and the war. Other causes of the bombing of Pearl Harbour consist of the harsh impact the Great Depression (1929-1939) and the freezing of assets and exports from USA on Japan.