The Dogfights of WWII

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The German Luftwaffe often sent 109 fighters to bomb English cities with an aim to destroy civilian morale. They were called “blitzes”. The English retaliation to these blitzes killed more citizens in Hamburg than all the blitzes combined. The war in the skies was an important part of WWII. It’s important to study how aircraft was used during WWII because the effects were so devastating. The dogfights of WWII can be understood by explaining the types of planes used, and the countries that used them, the pilots who flew them, and the tactical maneuvers they used. The USAAF (United States Army Air Force) was the United States main aviation branch of the military during WWII. It was formed in 1941, when American involvement in World War Two was becoming increasingly more and more likely, until 1947 when the U.S. Air Forces became an independent branch of the military. One of the main strategies of the USAAF was to support the Royal Air Force of England in the bombing of Germany. To succeed in these bombings American pilots flew bombers such as the B-24 Liberator, The B-25 Mitchell, and the B-29 Superfortress. Other planes that were also used include the P-51 Mustang, the P-38 Lightning, the P-40 Warhawk, and the F4U Corsair. But the most famous type plane and the favorite of pilots was the B-17 Flying Fortress, designed and built by Boeing. The B-17 was used in daylight precision bombing, and was the other half of England’s Nighttime bombing, otherwise known and Operation Pointblank. The RAF (Royal Air Force) was the military branch used by England. The RAF became well-known after the Battle of Britain, often coined as being the longest and most complicated air campaign in history, when they held off the German Luftwaffe from advancing and invading England. It lasted during the summer and fall of 1940 and is the first major campaign to have been fought entirely by air

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