Such |back up people behavior, whether good or bad. Good |in more adaptive ways by changing the dysfunctional | | |therapy also helps bring unresolved past conflicts and |behavior is maintained by reinforcement, while abnormal or|cognitions about themselves, the world, and the society | | |unacceptable impulses from the unconscious into the |unwanted behavior can be eliminated by punishment. The |they live in. Cognitive therapists attempt to change the | | |conscious, where patients have the chance to deal with |treatment builds on the basic processes of learning, such |way people think as well as their behavior in cognitive | | |those conflicts more effectively. |as reinforcement and extinction, and assumes that normal |treatment.
When a person suffers with psychological distress the way in which they interpret situations can become skewed, which in turn has a negative impact on the actions they take. He named these cognitions "automatic thoughts" because he believed that people were not necessarily aware that the cognitions existed, but that they could identify these types of thoughts when questioned closely. Beck believed that pushing his clients to identify these automatic thoughts was integral to overcoming a particular difficulty (Westbrook et al, 2007). Beck was later influenced by Ellis in his work around Behavioural Therapy and the idea that people can overcome psychological issues by altering the way they perceive an experience and in turn use this to change their attitude and behaviour towards experiences which enable the person to have positive feelings instead of negative. Becks studies found that patients’ automatic thoughts fell into three categories, the patients had negative ideas about themselves, the world and/or the future and these thoughts could lead to anxiety and depression.
The cognitive approach focuses on the importance of internal processes of the mind – such as thinking. They see our behaviour is a mixture of learning (conditioning) and thoughts. When we have psychological distress, it comes from errors in thinking, such as irrational thoughts or mustabatory thinking, e.g. “I must be the best at everything or I am useless”. The aim of RET is to restructure these irrational thoughts into positive and rational ones to make the person feel better about themselves.
Behavioral Approach: Is somewhat of a visual way of measuring ones inner thoughts, by the emotions on their face, the actions they do. For instance if Jake had come in with a looking worried, accompanied with a rocking motion to self soothe himself, it wouldn't take long for a psychologist to visually observe his upset behavior may be linked to anxiety Therapy: The Behavior therapy might Include thinking of what exactly induces the anxiety and the nervous behavior and then challenging it. Behavior doesn't seem to really touch the mind, so treating anxiety (Anxiety being more of a state of mind, with added on behaviors) with only a behavioral approach would not be the best solution. Unless paired with a cognitive approach. (Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy would be when thinking of negative thoughts (the behavior) counter it by thinking in a more realistic and helpful manner.
Cases of difficulties in daily life or cases of repression can benefit from psychodynamic therapy. Disorders appropriate for this therapy are; anxiety, depression, repression, panic and stress. Behavioral Approach to Therapy A behavioral approach to therapy uses a process of rewards and punishment based on behavior. Normal behavior is rewarded while punishment is used to correct abnormal behavior. Seeking a professional such as
Depression happens because people develop a disposition to view situations and circumstances in habitually negative and biased ways, leading them to habitually experience negative feelings and emotions as a result. More specifically, Cognitive-Behavioral (CBT) therapists suggest that depression is caused by a combination of an unhelpful dysfunctional thought process and by maladaptive behaviors motivated by that thought process. Because these dysfunctional thoughts and behaviors are learned, people with depression can also learn new, more adaptive skills that raise their mood and increase their ability to cope with daily hassles and stressors. Another basic idea behind CBT is that if a person changes their thoughts and behavior, a positive change in mood will follow. The cognitive aspect of CBT involves learning to identify distorted patterns of thinking and forming judgments.
Therefore, it is important for the client to be reviewed in hypnotherapy on a one to one basis and not as a group, which could in turn result in a less effective form of treatment being provided. Each of these disorders is discussed below in terms of similarities and differences, as well as the considerations that need to be made in the treatment of these disorders. It is likely that in some point in our lives we will all suffer from some of stress, for example a new challenge such as moving house, new job, bereavement and many other things could lead to us feeling stressed. However, as mentioned, every individual is different which leads to the fact that we all have different coping strategies. Some challenges will lead to stress in many individuals but not in other individuals.
Author: JE Word Count: 2167 ‘Discuss the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias and describe how you would treat these issues with hypnotherapy’ This essay will explore, describe and discuss individually each of the conditions of stress, anxiety, habits and phobias. How each are identified and subsequently treated with hypnotherapy these neurotic conditions are the most common requests for hypnotherapy. The relationship that exists between each of these conditions will be identified, explored and discussed in more detail throughout. I will also consider the ethical questions that need to be considered by the therapist when treating this group of clients and appropriate treatment regimes. The topic of the essay will then be revisited and a detailed conclusion will summarise composition.
Examination of Clinical Psychology PSY/480 April, 2012 Michelle Sargent Catherine Brodehl PhD Examination of Clinical Psychology Clinical Psychology is defined as “the assessment, treatment, and understanding of psychological and behavioral problems and disorders (Plante, 2005, p. 7).” Simply put it is the work of an educated professional putting their knowledge to work to aid others in dealing with issues that affect the consistency of everyday life. Clinical psychology utilizes the scientific method to produce informed practice, procedure, and treatment for those in need of help. The job of a clinical psychologist calls upon a number of personal and social characteristics in order to be successful and produce real results
Treatments also now include what is called Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy to help patients manage sleep-wake cycles and stabilize daily living routines to help manage the disorder. Cognitive behaviour therapy available is designed specifically in the treatment of symptoms of this disorder. The therapy helps with symptoms of negative thinking related to depression and the impulsive thoughts of needing to attain certain items or situations at any given time with tragic outcomes if they are not attained immediately. This in turn helps patients to estimate risks of such behaviours unlike their current thought