PSY 435: Industrial And Organizational Psychology

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Industrial and Organizational Psychology PSY 435 January 27, 2014 Francis Uzonwanne, PHD Industrial and Organizational Psychology The field of industrial and organizational (I/O) psychology is instrumental with implementing organizational goals to enhance the effectiveness of social and organizational functioning. This is accomplished through the use of research and statistics, which optimizes the performance, health, and welfare of businesses and its employees. The Evolution of Industrial and Organizational Psychology The evolution of I/O psychology has early roots in the late 1800s and early 1900s, but it was not invented until the twentieth century (Spector, 2012). Hugo Munsterberg and Walter Dill Scott both university professors…show more content…
12), which spearheaded improvements of British employee working conditions and efficiency. In 1944, the "Division 14 of Industrial and Business Psychology" (Spector, 2012, p. 13) was founded in the United States, and in 1970, the name was changed, then changed again to the "Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP)" (Spector, 2012, p. 13). The SIOP is comprised of I/O psychologists who are trained scientist-practitioners. An I/O psychologist performs scientific research, and he or she also employs principles to solve problems within organizations. Lastly, the Civil Right Act of 1964 was responsible for the implementation of new hiring methods and ethical treatment of employees within the workplace (Spector, 2012). The Difference between Industrial and Organizational Psychology and Other Disciplines of Psychology I/O psychology is the “scientific study of the human side of the workplace” (“Society for Industrial,” 2014), and psychology is the science behind how we study human behavior. The science of psychology studies the human experience from infancy, through childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. The discipline is concerned with how the human brain functions, and how one's genetic makeup determines personality, and many other aspects of human

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