INCORRECT The most common type of cirrhosis worldwide is actually the result of hepatotoxins, such as viral hepatitis, which cause massive liver necrosis. C) All alcoholics will develop cirrhosis. INCORRECT No more than half of all alcoholics will develop Laennec's cirrhosis, which is the type of cirrhosis related to alcohol consumption. Laennec's cirrhosis is the most common form of cirrhosis in North America. D) Spouses of alcoholics are at risk for cirrhosis.
This group of drugs includes cocaine, methamphetamine, as well s nicotine. Though amphetamine does have some positive effects, including, a stimulation of cognitive activity and control of impulses, the greater effects are much ore detrimental. Due to is relative simplicity of manufacturing and overwhelming abundance; methamphetamine use is a plague on America. I personally have seen people deteriorate before my eyes due to methamphetamine use. Cocaine is another stimulant that often leads to dependence in users.
It is used in post surgery as well as common pain relief. Vicodin® acts as a block in the central nervous system. This can cause it to be very lethal if overdosed, causing the central nervous system to completely shut down. Its purpose is to block signals of pain being delivered to the brain. Vicodin®, because of its “mellowing” properties, can become highly addictive and is why it is among hundreds of abused narcotics
Withdrawal symptoms are much more severe from the abrupt discontinued use of methadone than suboxone. Methadone withdrawal symptoms are similar to the effects of the common flu; nausea, diarrhea, cold sweats, muscle aches, and insomnia are only a few examples of these symptoms. Both treatment methods can be and are often abused. Because of what methadone is made of, it is more susceptible to abuse and is recommended for people with a more severe addiction. Methadone is easily and commonly abused.
Addiction has severe negative consequences affecting the addict’s mental and physical well being. Addiction also has numerous allegations for the health of the public, because of substance abuse, addiction is now a major donor to many serious diseases and it can also result in violent behaviors. This article supports my stand point that addiction is a mental illness rather than a bad behavior and creates a solid argument on how addiction takes over the addict’s brain and is the main source of inappropriate behaviors. I can use these examples as reasons why I believe addiction is a chronic brain disease instead of a bad behavior in my research
Methamphetamine, like other drugs, is able to short-circuit the survival system by artificially stimulating pleasure areas in your brain. As this happens, it leads to increase confidence in meth, and less confidence in normal life routines. Usually when this occurs the addict will be more interested in meth related activities, meth related people, and meth related environments. Withdrawals of Meth Use: Fact or Fiction? Much to contrary belief meth users do suffer from withdraws as well as any other drug addict would.
(Clark, 2008) This type of high appears to be such an extreme high, just the kind of high an abuser desires. However, this is also where the problem for the user, abuser, or addict lies; OxyContin is an opiate and opiates will depress your respiratory system to the point of actual suffocation if too much is taken too fast. OxyContin does not have to build up in your system, unlike some of the other favored drugs of abuse or use. Another beneficial way for the abuser or addict to abuse OxyContin is to grind it to a fine powder, place it on foil and smoke it in the same manner as Heroin. (Jayawant & balkrisnen,
This drugs effects are similar to but more rapid than those of amphetamines. Additionally the effects of cocaine are short-lived, which may help explain why this drug is especially addictive both psychologically and physiologically. Dopamine transporters are responsible for removing dopamine molecules from the synaptic cleft after they have done their job. Cocaine blocks thee transporters, leaving dopamine trapped in the synaptic cleft. As a result, dopamine binds again and again to the receptors overstimulation the cell.
It also discusses the types of opioids like synthetic opioids and semi- synthetic opioids. This article explains where opium came from and how it was used and abused way before they used it to make modern day pain pills. They also go over the legal history of opioids up to how we got to where we are today. This article is a factual document written by a medical doctor about opium. This research offers people information on how we got to where we are today gives an insight to what we could have done to change or prevent to the problems that we are dealing with in modern day.
Prescription pain pills include narcotics, stimulants and depressants, which are the most commonly abused. Statistics show that 1 in 20 people in the United States, ages 12 and older, abuse prescription painkillers. These drugs affect the brain and reach the opiate receptors which cause a release of dopamine which acts as a “excitatory neurotransmitter”. Dopamine produces feelings of pleasure, satisfaction, and a feeling of euphoria. These feelings are only temporary and when they wear off the person feels much worse than they did before taking the pills.