Pain killers are intended to relieve pain, cough and diarrhea. People who abuse on pain killers take them to block the brain from receiving pain messages. Their intake is much higher than normal in order for them to get the similar feeling they would to an illegal drug. There are withdrawal symptoms that can cause people to become more dependent on the drug. Usually people who abuse pain killers are people who are facing psychological problems.
Sure, using pharmaceutical drugs are safe when they are being used by the doctor’s prescription. However, when these drugs are being crushed and snorted, or being cooked down to a liquid form to be intravenously used or taken orally in very high doses these pharmaceutical drugs can be very fatal. The rise in young adults intravenously using pharmaceutical drugs is at an alarming rate. The thought of it being safer is because these drugs are approved by the FDA and are manufactured in a clean and controlled environment. Street drugs such as heroin and cocaine come in all sorts of potencies and it is never known how strong or weak the drug is until taken by the user.
Stopping is hard as the addcitive substance alters thinking patterns in the brain o drug use continues even though they know no reward is coming. They effectively have no self control. This means they have shorter periods of abtinacne. One of the strengths of the disease model addiction is that there is supporting reaearch. Volkow gave Ritalin to a group of participants he found that some of the participents enjoyed the experience while others didn’t.
Have they ever turned on the news to hear about someone on methamphetamine, and wonder how one drug can have such a dramatic effect on one person? Methamphetamine is composed of many chemicals such as battery acid, amphetamine, anhydrous, acetone, and many others, and is a very dangerous drug. Meth also affects a person’s body in many countless ways. It can cause severe dental problems (“meth mouth”), rapid weight loss, it affects how the brain functions, rapid heart rate, or an irregular heartbeat. It can change a person mentally, physically, and emotionally and before they know it, the person they once knew is gone.
However, mescaline produces greater tolerance in some users who take the drug repeatedly. These people that take mescaline must take a higher doses to achieve the same results as they have had in the past. This could be an extremely dangerous practice because they don’t know how the person will react to the drug. It also has a low potential for psychological addiction. The treatments are available for people who are addicted to Mescaline.
There are some side effects that will eventually show if these unnatural steroids keep being used. For example, some side effects that are bad for the user are, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, mood swings, impotency shrunken testicles and severe acne and even cancer. A well known side effect is roid rage, where a person can become completely enraged over little things that happen. A person who uses anabolic steroids can get to the point where they totally lose control over their emotions. There have been studies that have proven that the mind is affected by the use of anabolic steroids.
Muscle tension is also not uncommon. Dehydration is a common risk which forces users to drink water throughout their experience. However, users are also susceptible to hyponatremia, a result of drinking too much water also called “water intoxication”. Side effects also include nausea, vomiting, loss of balance, dizziness, and even vertigo. Rarely users will experience liver toxicity.
Psychodynamic methods are only effective on certain patients whereas drug treatment corrects the chemical balance in the brain and will become effective on almost every patient with the right usage of drugs. Counselling is a very good way of relieving the patient of their inner troubled emotions and to over come the illness but is not as reliant as the medical approach, drugs are widely used today for mental illness sufferers and shows that it is effective and a quicker solution than the analysis of dreams. Sigmund Freud’s methods were to be effective but only in a small degree and it could not be certain that that patient was completely ‘cured’ from their illness, drugs were much more reliable for patients and easier for them to be accepted into society once more helping them mould back into normality like they had once
This may be followed by feelings of peacefulness, acceptance and empathy, feelings of closeness with others and a desire to touch others. Teeth clenching, a loss of inhibitions, nausea, and blurred vision are also some short-term effects of this drug. On the long run however, it gets worse. There may be a disruption or interfere with memory, and it may damage the cells that produce serotonin (regulation of mood, appetite, pain, learning). There are many ways to determine whether someone is taking this drug, physically, there is a sharp increase in body temperature, their liver, kidneys and cardiovascular systems fail, they have an increase in heart rate and or blood pressure, and they are more prone to heart disease.
Some side effects include, lack of appetite, headache, inability to fall asleep and stay asleep, dry mouth, abdominal pain/discomfort, weight loss, and restlessness. Those are the least dangerous side effects but some of the hazardous side effects include increased blood pressure, high pulse rate, irregular heart rate, difficulty breathing, chest pain, allergic reaction like swelling to eyes or throat, migraine, fainting, severe aggression, and depression. High doses of Adderall can specifically target the heart and respiratory system, causing temporary or long-term damage. In some cases, Adderall can cause sudden death or stroke in patients, mostly those who have a heart defect or heart problem. It may also interfere with other medication for an illness or medical condition.