Another cause for erosion is overgrazing; which is the constant grazing of animals on plants without allowing the plants any recovery time. This exposes the soil for an extended time leading to water and wind soil erosion. The NRCS has a program called the Conservation Stewardship Program that provides information and support to enable ranchers who own their land to burn unwanted woody plants, reseed the land with perennial grass varieties that hold water, and manage the cattle so that the herd are moved to a new location before overgrazing occurs. Lastly, deforestation is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use. The result to this is the top soil is left exposed it then becomes saturated with water and slides off the slope in a muddy mass into waterways leaving the subsoil to continuously erode.
Due to animals consuming more grass than can be produce, the ground becomes scattered leaving the soil exposed to erosion. The NRCS (Natural Resources Conservation Services) has a program to help prevent overgrazing. The program “provides information and support to enable ranchers who own their lands to burn unwanted woody plants, reseed the land with perennial grass varieties that hold water, and manage cattle so that herds are moved to a new location before overgrazing occurs” (Wright & Boorse, 2011, p. 288). If this problem is left untreated, could be a threat to the food chain. Deforestation is when trees and other vegetation is being removed converting the forest to another land use, this exposed the soil and often leads to erosion and loss of soil fertility.
Indians did not want to own domestic animals since livestock husbandry did not fit easily with native practices, the adoption of livestock would alter women’s lives by affecting the traditional division of labor since women were mainly responsible of agriculture production. And the settlers free ranging livestock (mostly pigs and hogs) were feasting on their corn farms. Animal husbandry also challenged native beliefs and practices, since their mental universe assumed no distinction between human and animal being. Instead of recognizing the incompatibility of English and Indian subsystem regimes, colonial authorities permitted joint use of land, which was doomed to fail by the problems that arose from livestock on hunting lands. In 1640 Massachusetts law required settlers to help their fellow Indian neighbors, but this friendly gesture was coupled with stern provisos.
Society is obsessed with productivity becoming cheap, which has made more problems regarding pesticides. Humans are not respecting the design of nature and valuing the relationship, the animals and plants have with each other. The animals eat the plants that have no use and the animals fertilize the plants. Over 10 million herbicides have been poured on the land of the farmers that has caused them to loose about 90% diversity and their soil is depleting quicker. What they’re farming are not animals, but are farming grass.
Deforestation results from the removal of trees without sufficient reforestation (the replacement of trees). As a whole, deforestation reduces biodiversity, which is the variation of life forms, and negatively impacts the climate and geography not only in the United States, but also around the world. Some of the problems that need to be acknowledged range from forest fires to the lack of national policies
This study is about the European buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica, L.), which is an invasive shrub to the woodlands of northeastern Illinois. The European buckthorn is detrimental to the environment because the shrub alters the soil properties where it resides, which forces the natural plant inhabitants of northeastern Illinois to adapt to the sudden change in soil properties. Due to the changes in soil properties, many of the natural plant inhabitants die from the high amounts of nitrogen and carbon the European buckthorn puts into the soil. This study was done mainly outside the lab in the woodlands of northeastern Illinois at three different sites, the Lake Avenue Woods, the East Woods in Morton Arboretum, and the Mary Mix McDonald Woods. The
They made farmland in the forest by controlled burning in a small area and cultivating crop in that area. They would move to a new area after few seasons of cultivation. This relocation helped to protect the natural habitat of that area. They didn't believe in owning the land like Europeans. They lived in a barter system where everything belonged to everyone and shared between the dwellers of that community.
There were also old Egyptian structures that had to be carefully moved to avoid destruction from the new path of the river. These relocations sparked controversy and resistance from the Egyptian people due to the old structures being a large part of the tourist attraction in Egypt. Another big problem the Dam caused was with the soil around the river. Normally the soil was very good for farming, even with the annual floods, but the construction of the Dam caused the nutrients in the water to stop flowing to the soil. The result was poor farmland and in turn, the poverty of the farmers wasn’t completely solved.
Soil borne diseases are found to be very severe in intensive systems due to frequent cropping. Hence, destruction of the inoculum surviving between crops is beneficial. In the management of soil borne diseases, cultural practices plays very important role. Soil borne diseases plays very critical role in reducing the productivity of new cultivars in some agricultural crops. These diseases are difficult to manage due to their highly heterogeneous incidence and lack of information regarding the epidemiological aspects of these pathogens.
Animal waste products are also disposed of where the humans and other animals live. All this caused animal diseases to spread to the humans and other animals. It’s possible that the future of farming (job specialization) could have made ways to fix these issues. When Hunter-Gatherer lifestyle was still around, the Agrarians still had to