Overgrazing, over-Cultivation, Deforestation

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Overgrazing, over-cultivation and deforestation are three major practices that make soil vulnerable to erosion which leads to soil degradation. These are a repercussion of unsustainable management practices. The brunt of these practices can be reversed or corrected, as we will now cover. Overgrazing happens when plants are subjected to over excessive grazing for long periods of time or without enough time to recover. Livestock that are allowed to feed in excess in a pasture, field, etc. which results in damaging the land, is defined as overgrazing. As a result of this grass production, such as in grasslands, cannot keep up with consumption therefore erosion soon follows and the land becomes unproductive. For example, cattle overgrazing during the 1800s after the American buffalo was slaughtered, lead to erosion and invasion by hardy desert plants which were not acceptable to cattle. There are few corrective actions that can prevent overgrazing. One solution is simply in better management. The NRCS (Natural Resources Conservation Services) has natural resources conservation programs that assist people to reduce soil erosion, improve water supplies, enhance water quality, plus up wildlife habitat and minimize damages caused by flooding and other natural disasters. Another corrective action is the Conservation Stewardship Program that provides ranchers, who own their own land, information and support. Through this program, the ranchers are allowed to burn unwanted woody plants and reseed the land with permanent grass varieties that hold water. They are also allowed to manage their cattle so that herds are can be moved to another area before overgrazing can occur. When farmers plow or till their soil extensively and cause damage to it, making it hard for anything else to be planted there again; this is called over-cultivating. When this occurs or

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