From my own research I discovered that the average amount spent on a wedding is 21,000 which also happens to be the average pay in the UK –meaning that the amount some people earn in a year can be spent on their wedding. With the country currently in a recession and many people on ‘pay freezes’ (meaning that their salaries won’t increase for a period of time due to the government’s or their companies financial difficulties) lots of people simply cannot afford to get married. The amount of divorces has also increased in the UK. From my research I found that in 1970 there were 415,487 marriages in the UK and 58,239
The rate rose during the 1980s, before falling again after the early 1990s, with a recent increase since 2001. Some of the factors that affects the size and structure of the population are the proportion of women who are of childbearing age and how fertile they are. The UK's fertility rate has risen since 2001, but it is still much lower than in the past. From an all-time low of 1.63 children per woman in 2001 to 1.84 by 2006. These changes in fertility shows that more women are remaining childless than in the past and women are postponing having children, older women may be less fertile and have fewer fertile years remaining, so they produce fewer children.
A change that has happened to childbearing since the 1970's is that over four in ten children are now born outside of marriage, which is five times more than it was in 1971. This means that more children are being born into lone-parent families or cohabilitating families. A reason for this is that there has been a huge decline in the stigma that used to be held over births outside marriage and also a increase in cohabiliatation. An example of this is that only one third of 18-24 year olds think marriage should come before parenthood, meaning that the rise in births outside of marriage is more to do with the increase in cohabilitating couples than it is to do with single parents. Another change that has happened in childbearing since the 1970's is that women are having fewer children and children later in life.
Instead of marriage and a family more people opted for an education and career. People staying single longer lead to cohabitation outside of the marriage, and in the end more children born out of wedlock than ever before. (Cherlin 529) With this even though more woman were having more children out of wedlock birth rates in general sank to an all-time low. (Cherlin 529) In all people were more interested in there wants and needs instead of just sacrificing they wants and needs for their spouses. Also the “roles” each partner carried was negotiable, it was no longer the set norm for the husband to work and the wife be home barefoot and pregnant.
The decline of workers contributing to Social Security means there will be less benefits that will be replaced. Currently the Baby boomers have the highest labor force participation of any generations in American history. (Crain, 2006) The generations following the Baby Boomer generation will not have the numbers to replace the Baby Boomers place in the workforce. According to Crain (2006) nearly 90% of the Baby Boomer generation works, which is over half of the entire workforce in the nation. About 80% of female Baby Boomers worked which was also a contribution to the two income family.
Death rates from all cancers has fallen twice as fast for men than women. Therefore meaning that health is very unequal for both gender’s. Gender stereotypes have a huge impact in the equalness of men and women, As women are sometimes still seen as the primary carers of children. Women’s jobs are usually associated with the 4 C’s, caring, cleaning, catering and cash registers. Women are often stereotyped into certain jobs and out of others yet they make up more than 50% of the workforce.
Because New Englanders moved a great deal, their homes were not as sturdy as those in the Chesapeake b. Most New Englanders moved to America in family groups, while most Chesapeake migrants had come as individuals seeking economic opportunity c. The harshness of the New England environment meant a higher infant mortality rate and smaller families in New England than in the Chesapeake d. Unlike New Englanders who cleared new fields every few years, residents of the Chesapeake used the same fields year after year 32. Anne Hutchinson challenged Puritan orthodoxy by expressing which of the following beliefs? a. She taught that the elect could communicate directly with god b.
One of the key indicators to inequalities is poor income. (Germov, 2009, p. 87). Working class children are more likely to die in their first year of life and adults more likely to have prolonged illness due to lack of income to pay for medical attention and the harsh living environment. The risk of divorce is higher for the working class also a very low rate of working glass people further their education. Ethnicity and Gender come into this as ethnic people are also considered working class and transgender, gays etc.
“What about the positive for society effects of caring for the elderly?” The family structure has changed considerably over the years. We are now a more mobile society with more emphasis on the nuclear family. After children are grown, they tend to leave their parents in search of their own families. The elderly parents tend to be left alone and after retirement in most instances, they do not have adequate fiancés for medical care. Through Medicare, the society is able to contribute to the elderly Medicare care indiscriminately.
Abstract: “Employment promotion has dominated antipoverty policies in the United States over the last several decades. Increased employment, especially in low-wage jobs, has not generated economic stability for many parents and has brought to light uneasy tensions between increased earnings, less time with children, and reduced public supports that families face in moving up the economic ladder. We use data collected from 22 focus groups conducted with low- and moderate-income parents from four states and the District of Columbia to explore the ways in which parents make decisions about increasing hours of employment “ Body After all these years of having spent time with my children in their education, their growing covering all