From my own research I discovered that the average amount spent on a wedding is 21,000 which also happens to be the average pay in the UK –meaning that the amount some people earn in a year can be spent on their wedding. With the country currently in a recession and many people on ‘pay freezes’ (meaning that their salaries won’t increase for a period of time due to the government’s or their companies financial difficulties) lots of people simply cannot afford to get married. The amount of divorces has also increased in the UK. From my research I found that in 1970 there were 415,487 marriages in the UK and 58,239
This means children are now expensive to have and people do not have the money to have as many children as they used too. Medical advances have been a consequence to the changes in population. Due to improvements in midwifery and immunisation, the infant mortality rate has decreased significantly. This now means partners do not need to have as many children as it is more certain their child will live through their childhood. This was not the case at the beginning of the 20th century.
However he began to question things and feared the threats posed by to many people in china and encouraged a policy where ‘late, long and few’ urged couples to get married later, wait longer to have children and to have fewer children, preferable one. Then after his death the one child policy was introduced and it is still carried out today. The one child policy has had a great success in reducing the population. In 1970 on average a women in china had around 6 children, after the policy was introduced, a women has 2. The policy has had a huge effect on the population this was clear between 1970 and 1980 when the birth rate dropped from 44 per 1,000 to 18 per 1,000.
A change that has happened to childbearing since the 1970's is that over four in ten children are now born outside of marriage, which is five times more than it was in 1971. This means that more children are being born into lone-parent families or cohabilitating families. A reason for this is that there has been a huge decline in the stigma that used to be held over births outside marriage and also a increase in cohabiliatation. An example of this is that only one third of 18-24 year olds think marriage should come before parenthood, meaning that the rise in births outside of marriage is more to do with the increase in cohabilitating couples than it is to do with single parents. Another change that has happened in childbearing since the 1970's is that women are having fewer children and children later in life.
However, after this period, the number of marriages in England and Wales then went into decline. Most recently, marriages reached an all-time low in 2005 when only 244,710 couples got married. Some people would say that it reached so low because people are rejecting marriage and are no longer bothered about it. But in fact, statistics reveal that many people are actually delaying marriage. It is said that most people will marry at some point in their lives, but people are deciding to marry later in life, most likely after a period of cohabitation.
After the 'baby boom' after the Second World War, the UK's population experienced much less births tham before. In 2004, 716 000 children were born, which is 21% fewer than in 1071. This decline of the birth rate may be caused by the decline in the infant mortality rate. More children survive the first years of their life because sanitation, medical care, water supplies and nutrition have imporved throughout the century. This meant that parents did not have the need to have lots of children to ensure that a few survived, and families got smaller.
Another reason due to the high birth rate in countries such as Ethiopia is the lack of use of contraceptives. Stage 3 changes less than stage 2 does from stage 1, as the population continues to increase rapidly, but the death rate continues to fall, but finally the birth rate begins to decline alongside it. Stage 3 can be seen in countries such as India, and the USA (surprisingly) as families start to realise that having more children is more of a burden than a form of support, and they don’t need to have as many children as very few are dying in childbirth. The continuing decline in the death rate is due
One of the major reasons for this is the significant increase in divorce rates. One in three marriages end in divorce, this all then leads to the lone-parent families or re-constructed families. A big increase for divorce may be due to the fact that these days women are a lot more independent than they were for example thirty or forty years ago. Women are much more likely to go into higher education, going to university and going into the same careers that men also go into. Furthermore, concentrating on education and careers first and marriage, children and all round family life much later on in life.
Christina Backer Com/155 Single Mother versus Single Father Sun 12/11/2011 Sherri Jens Single Mother versus Single Father Being a single mother or single father can be difficult on any terms. There are many challenges to being a single parent; however women and men do have different challenges, which can make being a single parent easier or harder, depending on the sex of the parent. According to Rampell (2010) “Across the industrialized world, about 15.9 percent of children live in single-parent households. The United States is at the higher end of the single-parent spectrum, with 25.8 percent of its children living with just a mother or a father.” (Para. 3) Here are the differences this paper will cover; it will cover finances, feminine vs. masculine traits, and economics.
Couples were also not able to adopt any children as this was also shameful. Nowadays however, individuals/couples who cannot have children of their own are able to turn to the option of adoption which is also now a norm. As well as that, the rate of single sex couples has also increased. Couples who are the same sex often also turn to adoption which has also become a norm in British society today. This shows that nuclear families now have decreased.