Social Inequalities In Australia

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Erin Wells 11440599 Assignment no 2 SOC108 Alex Deville Topic Essay Discuss the connection between Social Class, Ethnicity and Gender in relation to health inequalities in Australia. What are the implications of all or any of these in relation to good health and access to quality health care? The connection between Social Class, Ethnicity and Gender in relation to health inequalities in Australia and the implications of these in relation to good health and quality access to health care has been a topic of debate for many years. The purpose of this paper is to discuss and define; what Social Class, Ethnicity and Gender are, ways they interact with each other, how these factors can impact on one’s health and wellbeing and how they can…show more content…
Gender or sex refers to the socially constructed categories of feminine and masculine which are the cultural identies and values that prescribe how men and women should behave. The social power relations based on those categories are distinct from the categories of biological sex (male or female) (Germov, 2009, p. 131). Gender refers to the social aspects of differences and hierarchies between male and female. (Macionis, 2008, p. 367). Gender is understood as a system of relations, a social product constantly negotiated and redefined that both constrains and provides opportunity for action. Gender is built into the family, the economy, labour force, education, religion and the state. (Cornwall, 2009, p. 253). In summary Gender is not a fixed characteristic but what people believe they are and choose to follow as shown by the above…show more content…
One of the key indicators to inequalities is poor income. (Germov, 2009, p. 87). Working class children are more likely to die in their first year of life and adults more likely to have prolonged illness due to lack of income to pay for medical attention and the harsh living environment. The risk of divorce is higher for the working class also a very low rate of working glass people further their education. Ethnicity and Gender come into this as ethnic people are also considered working class and transgender, gays etc. are not socially excepted so they become part of the working class. (Macionis, 2008, p. 308). These three issues are also connected by the three sociological theories of Durkheim, Marx and Weber. The Functionalism Theory by Emilie Durkheim relates as it is about social expectations and social order. Maintain, managing and the stability of illness within a community. The Marxism Theory by Karl Marx relates as it is about the difference in social class and unequal distribution of medical services. The Weberiasm Theory by Max Weber talks about social inequality and social conflict. Saying that medical professionals have the power. This one defiantly relates to the three issues. (Germov, 2009, p. 28) As shown in the above evidence the three issues relate mainly because of the issues of wealth/ low income and unequal
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