Organizational Culture Essay

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ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE WHAT IS ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE? Organizational culture is a system of shared assumptions, values and beliefs that governs how people behave in an organization. “A set of understandings or meanings shared by a group of people that are largely tacit among members and are clearly relevant and distinctive to the particular group which are also passed on to new members (Louis 1980).” HOW DOES CULTURE IMPACT MEMBERS OF AN ORGANIZATION? * Organizational culture gives members a sense of identity and belonging to the organization. * Organizational culture facilitates commitment and dedication to the organization from members which gives them reason to be efficient in towards achieving the common goal of the organization. * Promotes social system stability * Control mechanism for shaping behavior of members by helping them know what is and what is not acceptable. WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF ORGANIZATION CULTURE? According to Robert E. Quinn and Kim S. Cameron at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, there are four types of organizational culture: Clan, Adhocracy, Market, and Hierarchy. * Clan oriented cultures are collaborative in nature, family-like, with a focus on mentoring, nurturing, and “doing things together.” * Adhocracy oriented cultures are creative, innovative, and dynamic, with a focus on taking risks, and “doing things first.” * Market oriented cultures are results oriented, with a focus on competition, achievement, and “getting the job done.” * Hierarchy oriented cultures are structured and controlled, with a focus on efficiency, stability and “doing things right.” WHAT ARE THE PROS AND CONS OF EACH TYPE OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE? CLAN This type of culture encourages high level of cooperative teamwork, employees are open and friendly while their leaders

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