For example, in some cultures it may be acceptable for a man to have more than one wife, while in other cultures this would be seen to be immoral, and even a crime. Different cultures express different moral codes of conduct and relative ethics allows all the different circumstances and cultures to be put into prospective when analyzing whether an action would be intrinsically good or bad. In relative ethics, it avoids judging one culture against another as it is tolerant. To a relativist, there are no universal truths, and because of this then there are no objective standards by which one culture can judge another. No one culture is better than another.
Justice is what is seen to be right and just by society and this means that society is catered for. However, an outsider does not conform with society so what they may think is just is different to society. These conflicting views mean that societies justice can be placed on the outsider. Outsiders are often isolated, they don't fit in or necessarily want to fit in . They often don't pick up on the nrules or cues society have to operate.
A person must ultimately make the decision to be “good” in the presences of negative influences, it is what we as a society have determined to be “good” that sets apart the civilized from uncivilized societies. There are several ethical philosophies that hold merit and each has its weaknesses alongside its strengths. Virtue ethics, developed in ancient Greece with proponents such as Plato and Aristotle, is probably one of the most well known of the philosophies for its long history and relatively basic structure. Several other ethical views are built upon the basics set out in virtue ethics. A person inherently has some sort of primitive worldview and code of personal ethics.
Assess the view that deviance is merely a label applied by dome of the actions of others Deviance can be differed in many ways. A standard explanation of deviance is something that is not accepted in society. There are six types of deviance, which are illegal deviance which is going against society and not obeying the law at the same time. Historical deviance is norms and values that were not accepted in the past but are now accepted in modern society. Legal deviance is when someone is going against social norms but is still obeying the law.
Explain moral relativism. (25 marks) The theory of moral relativism is an ethical approach to situation ethics which asserts that there are no universally true moral principles, as all moral principles held by a person or society are relative to their circumstances, culture and religion - this means that there are no actions which are and will always be wrong. Instead, if an action seems good to you then for you it is morally right and vice versa, however there is no way that we are able to objectively identify which opinion is the correct one. A soft form of moral relativism is Cultural Relativism which states that moral codes differ from culture to culture or from religion to religion, for example some cultures believe polygamy or arranged marriages to be morally right, whereas a catholic society would believe that monogamy is the only moral way of life. Subjective Relativism on the other hand is a much more extreme stem of moral relativism as it is based on the view of an individual alone and therefore then can be absolutely no debate as all values are relative.
The examples provided are supported and represent unethical acts by people. Through the view of morality and relativism, these examples cannot be validated. There are instances within our society, which are go against relativism because they cannot be justified or acceptable because they do not benefit anyone in society and are simply
The two protagonists demonstrate non-conformity and rebel against the apparent hypocrisy present in their respective societies. Hypocrisy can be defined as the difference between illusion and reality, in accordance to society it can be seen in people who are not what they appear to be, people who apply a facade. This hypocrisy is present in schools, families, and in people's values and relationships. Igby's non-conformist behaviour is evident through his values and beliefs, his appearance, wardrobe and lighting present wilst viewing the text. whereas Holden's rebellion is demonstrated through symbolism throughout the text, stream of consciousness and his ideals.
Relativism and Morality Barbara Johnson SOC 120: Introduction to Ethics & Social Responsibility Safiyyah Al-Amin June, 11, 2012 In the article “Some Moral Minima,” Lenn Goodman argues that there are certain things that are simply wrong. Yes, I do think that Goodman is right about most of the arguments. “People identify themselves in many different ways: through their ethnicity, race, country of origin, class, gender, sexual orientation, religion, among many others” (Mosser, 2010, What role does conscious play). Relativism is the observation that one's values are accustomed by one's culture, society, and/or community. Rejecting total claims, all statements must be assessed in terms of the perspective
The protagonist in the “Outsider Novel” refuses to accept that he is an outsider. Through the analysis of both texts, one could argue that both Holden and Meursault refuse to accept that they are outsiders. I would argue this point of view more so for Salinger’s protagonist, Holden Caulfield as I feel that he has a greater awareness of his alienation whereas Meursault, in correlation with Camus’ existentialist philosophy, gives little importance to the sentiment of isolation. By definition, the outsider is one is on the outskirts of society and excluded from participating within it. The outsider is self-destructive and reflective.
How can you communicate the in spite of their different and unacceptable view of life. And what would happen if the others don’t accept your idea and thoughts? Once the belonging is an identity. If one does not belong any of those separate groups and circle, in short his life, counted for nothing. And, in the real life, it is