The Sumerians first began their warfare conquest among their inner city-states. The first evidence of war was in 2525 B.C.E between Lagash and Umma, two city-states who were 18 miles apart. Umma was demolished by the kingdom of Langash. In honour of his victory, the king of Langash created a commemorative stone, called a stele, in celebration. The commemorative stele was known as “The Stele of Vulture’, named after a fragment of the stele which depicted an image of vultures carrying defeated troops’ heads3.
During the Creation era the Egyptians were discovering ink for writing and building the first libraries (Tyndale, 1997). From what I an able to read the Creation era began around 2500 B.C. and ended as the Patriarch era began in 2133 B.C The Patriarch era, which began around 2133 B.C., notes Abraham as a key figure. This second era comes form Genesis chapter’s 12 thru 50. Abraham was the human father of the Jews and Arabs, and the Spiritual father of all those who believed on the Messiah Abraham fathered two sons, Esau and Jacob.
At the beginning of the four decades, “the temple of Zerubbabel was the center of worship, but in the days of Jesus the temple of Herod had replaced it.” Alexander the Great rose to power and brought with him the ideas of the Greek culture and language. With Hellenism came superstitions, intellectual freedom, Greek architecture, athletics and a myriad of gods. When Jesus arrives on the scene, Rome is now the mighty military force and Herod the Great is a main character trying to extinguish the life of the arriving messiah. Jesus grows up in a world that has religious tensions and conflicts of beliefs between the Pharisees, Sadducees, Essences, Herodians and Zealots. The Hellenistic Period When the Hellenistic Period emerges in 323BC, Alexander the Great is the reigning conqueror.
Form and function “Future ages will wonder at as, as present ages do now” In the classical period of 500Bc-336Bc the Greek city of Athens reached its greatest cultural and political heights. This included the invention of democracy, many epic scientific discoveries and the construction of the Acropolis with the Parthenon. The ideas of Greek society, attention to detail and a mathematically explained harmony in the natural world were things that the Greeks believed set them apart from the barbarians. It is these ideals that are represented in their Architecture. The original Parthenon was built on the Acropolis in Athens.
Then he made city's spreading Greek culture around the continent building some where around 70 city’s! Soon after Alexanders victory over Persia it made Asia Minor vulnerable. in 333 B.C Alexander marched into Syria. After that he was seeking to reach the "ends of the world and the Great Outer Sea", he invaded India in 326 BC, but was eventually forced to turn back at the demand of his troops.Alexander died in Babylon in 323 BC. He died from a disease called malaria in 336 BC.
Athenian democracy, like any other essential aspect within the Ancient Greek world, beared rises and collapses, from its climatic upbringing of a Cleisthenic reform in 508 BC until a trivial deprivation for Athens in 404 BC. Athens, “the greatest of city democracies” (Encarta), holds an engrossing evolution as well as an institution in a constant war-like period in Ancient Greece. As a cultural, traditional and historical background, “the Athenian society, between 600 and 450 B.C., evolved in what Greeks regarded as a fully fledged democratic constitution, though with a more limited franchise than is seen in modern times” (Nagel 101). The Archaic Age During the Archaic Age, there was a spread of political power with the new founded aristocracy and emerging classes. The Athenian system, as it entered a polis age, initially began with using other traditional institutions from other Greek states.
Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato are some of the most well known philosophers ever. Socrates was famous for questioning about life, and also about "why.” Aristotle is well known for believing that if people study the origin of life they will understand it more. Many Philosophers today still study, and conclude ideas from many of Ancient Greek philosopher's quotes. Medics of today have been impacted by many of ancient Greece's contributions. Hippocrates, who created the Hippocratic oath, was a renounced mathematician, and doctor.
The Acropolis is also known as Cecropia after the first Athenian king, Cecrops, the legendary serpent-man. Three very important temples were built during the Classical period (450-330 B.C); they rose on the ruins of other buildings that had been previously destroyed. The Temple of Athena Nike, the Parthenon, and the Erechtheion were all built in the honour of Athena, the Greek Goddess of wisdom and military victory. Some of the other major remains within the Acropolis includes but does not limit to the Altar of Athena, Theatre of Dionysus, the Propylaea, and the Arrephorion. The classical Greek architecture has become a symbol of the capital city of Greece and its strength.
The Elgin Marbles ( A closer look ) 5. The British Denial to hand over the Marbles to the Greeks 6. Unknown facts of Elgin’s looting 7. Conclusion Parthenon throughout the history After their victory against the Persians at Plataea in 479 B.C., the Athenians returned to their abandoned city and found all the buildings on the Acropolis had been laid waste. Themistocles, Aristides and Kimon successively vied with each other in rebuilding the city.
Without these brave men before him, who knows what would have occurred. The early history of monotheism set precedent for Muhammad and inspired him to become the great prophet that he was. He desperately wanted to restore what all the other great prophets did before him. Moreover, sermonizing the monotheistic universe was the mission of Muhammad. The authors states that, “There are two components of Muhammad’s universe: God and the world… He has always existed and he always will,” (Cook, 25).