Elgin Marbles Essay

4618 Words19 Pages
Table of Contents 1. Parthenon throughout the history 2. Elgin Marbles being taken away 3. The Elgin Marbles in London 4. The Elgin Marbles ( A closer look ) 5. The British Denial to hand over the Marbles to the Greeks 6. Unknown facts of Elgin’s looting 7. Conclusion Parthenon throughout the history After their victory against the Persians at Plataea in 479 B.C., the Athenians returned to their abandoned city and found all the buildings on the Acropolis had been laid waste. Themistocles, Aristides and Kimon successively vied with each other in rebuilding the city. But Pericles surpassed them all. Pericles put the prosperity that accrued to Athens in the middle of the 5th century B.C. to good use by beautifying the city with monuments that would do credit to its fame. He wanted to make Athens an artistic and cultural as well as a political pan-Hellenic centre. And as Plutarch remarks: "...the occasions and services of these public works distributed plenty through every age and condition." He also adds: "As then grew the works up, no less stately in size than exquisite in form, the workmen striving to outvie the material and the design with the beauty of their workmanship, yet the most wonderful thing of all was the rapidity of their execution...”, for which reason Pericles' works are especially admired, as having been made quickly, to last long. For every particular piece of his work was immediately, even at that time, for its beauty and elegance, antique; and yet in its vigour and freshness looks to this day as if it were just executed." During the thirty years of the Pericles' rule the following buildings were erected: the Parthenon and the Propylaea on the Acropolis; the Poikele Stoa and the Temple of Hephaestus in the Agora; the Odeon at the foot of the Acropolis; the temple of Poseidon at Sounion and the temple of Nemesis
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