After plundering the royal treasures and taking other rich booty, he burned the city during a drunken binge and thus completed the destruction of the ancient Persian Empire. His domain now extended along and beyond the southern shores of the Caspian Sea. Other places include Modern Afghanistan, Baluchistan, Bactria and Sogdiana, the modern Russian Turkestan also know as Central Asia. It took Alexander only three years, from the spring of three hundred and thirty B.C (330 B.C) to the spring of three hundred and twenty seven B.C (327 B.C) to master this vast
This occurred sometime around 509 BC, and led to the creation of a new form of government called a republic.1 However, as the centuries passed, the republican dream slowly began to fade. Quite obviously, many things happened in the world of Rome that led to the eventual collapse of the Roman Republic. At around 133 BC, Rome was a republic. But less than a hundred years later, an emperor ruled it.1 An imperial system as a form of government was very different from the system that was envisioned by the Romans when they deposed the last king near the end of the 6th century BC. An imperial system was against everything Romans stood for.
On the way he conquered Malta and finally arrived in Egypt where he easily won the battle of the Pyramids. He was however defeated by the British fleet under in the Battle of the Nile. Napoleon was however unable to conquer the fortress of Acre because his his army was weakened by disease and poor supplies. Napoleon then returned to France against the orders of the Directory. By the time he arrived in France, the French had had some victories in Egypt and this boosted Napoleon’s popularity.
Galba was the first of the generals that were fighting for the throne to reach Rome and had himself proclaimed emperor. He was an old man of 75 when he became emperor.He was famous for the mistake that he refused top pay the soldiers the bonus that emperors usually paid them. Otho, a friend Galba had dissapointed, turned his soldiers against Galba and on January 16 69 AD Galba was killed and he only reigned for barely 7 months.The next emperor Marcus Salvius Otho, as soon as he became emperor Otho faced a revolt of his own as the praetorian guard supported him but the Legions in Germany supported a man named Vitellius. As a result ,the German legions marched on Rome to put Vitellius on the throne and to depose Otho.when he heard of this revolt, Otho sent his troops to fight Vitellius. Otho had sent his troops to late and his army suffered a horrible defeat.
| 54 BC | Caesar led a three month expedition of the first Roman crossing of the English Channel to Britain but did not establish a permanent base there. Caesar’s coalition with Pompey was unravelling, especially since Julia died in childbirth and in 53 BC, Crassus led a failed invasion of the East and was killed by the Parthians. The First Triumvirate was dead.
In a way the legend was fulfilled when Alexander took over control of the known world at the time. The Persian emperor Darius came to meet him with a force of 140,000 on his way to conquer Persia. Darius chose to wait it out, letting Alexander's forces come to him, and Alexander, taking this as a sign of weakness, charged on the Persians. Alexander nearly got himself killed, but the Battle of Issus was a decisive victory for the Greeks. Darius fled, leaving Alexander in control of the entire western portion of the Persians'
His forces terrorized both halves of the empire but failed in the East, due to the high walls of Constantinople. His forces advanced past Rome but famine and disease kept them from conquering the city. Attila died in 453 AD. The last emperor was German forces ousted a 14-year boy named Romulus Augustulus in 476
Most say he was found unconscious in the street and admitted to the Washington College Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland . He died soon after, on 7 October 1849, and was buried unceremoniously in an unmarked grave in the Old Westminster Burying Ground of Baltimore (Silverman
Persia conquered everyone they met at first. King Darius (king of Persia) sent messages to Athens and Sparta, telling them surrender; which they refused. Darius, now furious with the Greeks sent his army to fight at Marathon which was 26 miles away from Athens. The Persians lost this battle, a runner was sent to Athens to tell them of their victory. The Persians ran out of supplies and returned after the defeat of Marathon.
Then, starting with the years of 3.000 BC, Mesopotamia and Egypt, with the effect of inventing and using the alphabet, made big progress in trade activities and succeeded to go ahead of Anatolia. During those times, the people living in the west and south regions of Anatolia were named as Luvi. They were a matriarchal society and worshiping mother goddess. It is known that some Luvis have moved to Crete and created the Minoan civilization. Among the years 2.000 BC, the tribes named as Achaeans, living around Balkans, invaded Greece.