When this happen bony spurs begin to develop. Bony spurs are bones that are soft. The bony spurs are a natural way to try to repair the damage areas by itself. They form around the bones near the damaged area. The muscles around the joint become weaker and so do the ligaments.
Parkinson’s disease Sufferers of Parkinson’s disease may experience limb rigidity that can affect normal movement and positioning. When assisting people to find a comfortable position, in either a bed or chair, be careful not to force the rigid limb further than it is able to, as this could damage the joint and cause discomfort or pain. People with Parkinson’s disease have slower reaction times and it may take a person longer to initiate movement. It is therefore important to give people suffering from this condition time to move and not rush them. People may not be able to tell people if they are in pain, so you should look for non-verbal signs of pain or discomfort.
Paralysis – or weakness could affect one side of the body more than the other making tasks like getting dressed difficult. Continence may also be affected. Ataxia – irregular, uncontrollable tremors affecting co-ordination of movements can make it difficult to write. Hands may shake and the person may become clumsy. Hormonal imbalances – damage to the hypothalamus or the pituitary glands can lead to insufficient or increased
This is a negative effect of contact sports on the skeletal system of young people as they may well end up suffering from osteoarthritis later in life. Osteoarthritis is thought to be related to cartilage being worn down to the point that the bone is no longer protected. In the
HSC 2028 Outcome 1 The learner can: 1. Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals. The human anatomy is the physical makeup of the body and the physiology is the normal functions of that body which helps us move our limbs. The muscles in our body work like leavers which allow the bones at a joint to move like hinges. When assisting someone with moving or positioning it is important to remember the muscles can only move the joints as far as the bone will allow them to.
Health & social care level 3 Unit 56 1.1 The anatomy and physiology of the human body explains that muscles are attached to the skeleton. They work like hinges or levers to pull or move particular joints when a muscle contracts, pulling the joint in the direction it is designed to move. Parts of muscles move antagonistically, that is, when one contracts, its opposite member relaxes to allow movement. Muscles can become slack, making movement slower and more difficult. Again, it explains that the human muscles move in command from the brain.
Move and position individuals in accordance with their plan of care 1 Understand anatomy and physiology in relation to moving and positioning individuals 1.1 Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals The skeleton is the framework of the body; it is made up of the muscular and skeletal systems. The skeleton provides protection for the body’s major organs and also allows the body to be moved and positioned. Without a skeleton the body would just collapse. Muscles work like levers allowing the bones at a joint to work like hinges. When a muscle contacts it pulls the bone in the direction it is designed to move, when somebody has reduced mobility muscles are more flaccid making it more difficult and slower to move.
1 | 1.1 | Mobility is defined as, 1 being able to move or be moved freely and easily 2 the ability to move physically 3 The ability to move a part of the body | | 1.2 Explain how different health conditions mayaffect and be affected by mobility. | If a person had a fracture of a bone and does not heal quickly ormay become infected which can restrict movement of a persons hand or leg, which makes it difficult for moving around. Stiff, painful, swollen and inflamed joints are the result of arthritis and can restrictmovement. | | 1.3 Outline the effects that reduced mobility may have on an individuals wellbeing. | Physically, reduced mobility can result in blood clots, stiffness of joints, swelling of feet and ankles,pressure sores these can be very painful for the individual.
When mobility he is reduced muscles become weaker and floppy making movement harder and slower but when muscles are in frequent use they remain stronger and more flexible movement easier. When we are supporting an activity that involves moving and positioning it is important to understand that an over extension of a movement extending the joints can cause damage and a lot of pain as muscles can only move at a joint up as far as the joint allows. Nerves run throughout our bodies sending messages to the muscles which enable them to contract or relax, these nerve fibres can be easily damaged when poor moving and handling techniques are practiced. 1.2 Describe the impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning of an individual. A.