Nvq 2 Move and Position Unit 232

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UNIT 232 MOVE AND POSITION INDIVIDUALS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THEIR PLAN OF CARE 1. Without a skeleton the body would collapse. The skeleton provides a framework for muscles and protects organs. Muscles work like levers and allow the bones at a joint to work like hinges. Muscles pull and move the bones at particular joints, this makes the joint move and therefore the body moves. When a muscle contracts, it pulls the bones at a joint in the direction that it is designed to move. With reduced mobility, muscles can become weak and make movement slow and more difficult. Joints are where two or more bones make contact. Some joints allow more movement than others. Types of joints include the Hinge, Ball and Socket, Pivot, Gliding, Saddle and Planar. Joints that are vulnerable when moving and handling people would include: Knee, Elbow, Shoulder and Hip. Joints are held together with ligaments and tendons. Damage can occur if a person is not moved or positioned correctly, for example, incorrectly dragging someone by the armpits could cause the shoulder to dislocate. Not using a hoist or using a hoist incorrectly with someone who has a hip replacement could rotate and ruin the hip joint. Not taking care to place a person who has had a stroke correctly, never place on the paralysed / weakened side as the person may not realise that they are causing damage or be aware of any possible pressure sores developing. Not only could an incorrect lift hurt or cause damage to the person being lifted but also to the person doing the lifting as incorrectly lifting someone could lead to muscle and spinal damage and long term back pain. It’s important to understand basic anatomy and physiology as having an understanding can help reduce risk of harm to yourself or others when moving and handling. 2. You must ensure that any moving and handling is
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