With the Nazi Party now firmly rooted in the political scene, Hitler sought to combine his power through the implementation of the Enabling Act; this law would effectively abolish any trace of power held by the Reichstag and the president. The introduction of the Gleichschaltung from 1933 to 1934 allowed a widespread reconfiguration of all areas of German life and thus saw the Nazification of the nation, enforcing the extent to which Nazi ideology had permeated the scope of German society and the limitless parameters of Hitler’s authority. This was assisted by the intimidation inspired by Hitler’s SA and SS, who successfully eliminated any opposition of the Nazi state. Finally, however, it was the support of the Reichswehr that would pave the rule of Nazism in Germany, which was only obtained as a result of the Night of the Long Knives, where the threat of usurpation by the SA was abolished and Hitler’s ruler ship in the event of Hindenburg’s death was guaranteed. The conservative parties and elites made up of the army, right-wing parties, politicians, businessmen and Junkers had a major role in the
History Revision Cards Theme: Life in Nazi Germany Important Points: 1. Who opposed the Nazis in Nazis Germany and what impact did this have on the Nazis? Why was opposition to the Nazis so weak? You need to think about how each opposition group opposed Hitler and which one posed the biggest threat to Nazi power. The Nazis did not want any opposition in their ideal Germany all Germans would work together to achieve the same goals -- not seagulls. Within days of taking power Hitler banned all other political parties.
(Most of these were later closed). From April 1933 till February 1934, a series of measures abolishing the federal structure of Germany and massively strengthening the powers of the central government was introduced and in May 1933 a decree was issued banning all parties except the NSDAP (Nazis) also independent labour/trade unions were also banned at the same time. - Also appointment of an official 'Reichsbischof' ('Reich
This essay will examine the main factors that enabled Hitler to create his empire and argue that all these factors accounted to the legality of his control over every aspect of Germany’s society, enabling Hitler to establish a dictatorship. The means that enabled him to do this were the manipulation of the legal system and the control of three branches of society: the media, the unions and the army. The manipulation of the legal system formed a foundation for Hitler to establish a dictatorship. After the previous Chancellor resigned within a month, it was obvious that the Weimar system of government was not working. Hindenburg needed a Chancellor who had realistic support in the Reichstag and Hitler was given the position.
Extract from “Oxford advanced history, Germany 1858- 1990 Hope, Terror and Revival A.Kitson.” The above quote shows to us how the Nazis went from having one percent of control over youth groups, to controlling every single youth group throughout Germany regardless of the background or religion of these groups. This is an indicator of the extent to which the Nazis would go to control young people. No matter whether the young members of these groups wanted to be controlled by Nazis or not, they were. This shows that the young group members were completely controlled
It is evident that terror and violence can be said to have played a key role in bringing about the Nazi’s consolidation of power, as violence was such an important part of Nazism and was always used during their rule. An example, of this can be seen with the opening of the concentration camp in Dachau, which certainly sent out a strong message to the German people that the Nazi party were going to get rid of all their threats through violence and intimidation. However, other factors such as ‘Gleichschaltung’, legality and the successful use of propaganda also contributed a vast amount to the Nazi’s consolidation of power. For example, they developed propaganda effectively as a means of misleading the political nation of their real intentions and significances of their actions, which ultimately led to their consolidation of power. It is clear that Terror and intimidation were important factors in allowing the Nazis to consolidate power 1933, for the reason that violence still had an impact on political developments, for example, even negotiations between Hitler, von Papen and Hindenburg took place against the conditions of well publicised acts of SA (Storm troopers) violence.
He found himself supporting the extremely Anti-Semitic beliefs of Anton Drexler. It was only a few weeks later that Hitler became a member of the party and was in charge of spreading the message to everyone about the German Workers Party. By the early 1920’s, Hitler was involved with drafting the party programme. This included looking at its list of beliefs, aims and objectives. Hitler then went onto changing the name of the party from the German Workers Party to the National Socialist German Workers Party but it was commonly known as the Nazi Party.
Account for consolidation of Nazi Power between 1933-34 The Nazi Party’s consolidation for power between 1933 and 1934 was immensely based on legality. In the aftermath of the Munich Putsch in 1923, where the Nazis attempted to seize power from the government of Bavaria, in north of Germany, Hitler altered his methods of gaining political power. Through the legal system, the democracy, propaganda as well as the use of the SA and the SS, Hitler and the Nazis was able to attain political prominence. However, Hitler’s rise to power into the office of Chancellorship was mainly due to the political deals made between Hitler’s enemies. Thus, this essay will account for the consolidation of Nazi power between 1933 and 1934.
The rise of totalitarianism governments started before WWII, but after the Great Depression when fascism became an ideology of society. Socialist leaders told the people what they wanted to hear. These leaders not only took advantage of their powers, but became totalitarian dictators of communism and Nazism states. In 1933 Hitler became the dictator and ruler of Germany. Hitler was known for his totalitarian government, which referenced his act based on Darwism.
In Nazi Germany the police were allowed to arrest anyone they suspected to be a threat to the party and anyone who openly opposed Nazi in public would be tortured, even to death. The SS largely helped Hitler to eliminate political rivals and was loyal till his death compared to the army and without such support, Hitler would face serious political challenges and lose much public support. The propaganda also played an important role in helping Hitler advertising his political ideology and ideas. The Nazi propaganda department was led by Joseph Goebbels, a Ph.D. in philosophy. Radio, newspapers, magazines, books, theatre, films, music and art were all supervised.