Dixieland jazz began in New Orleans and spread throughout the United States from 1917 to 1930. Dixieland is upbeat and loud with many jazz rhythms. Dixieland usually consisted of a lead trumpet, a clarinet, a saxophone, a trombone, a string bass, a piano and a drum. The bass and drum play on the down beats of one and three, while the piano plays fast chords and the clarinet, trumpet play melody and the saxophone and trombone play countermelody. Dixieland doesn’t generally use vocals, but is expressed through dynamics and rhythms.
Jazz is America’s classical music that evolved from the blending of African and European cultures. The artists are in an improvised jazz ensemble, and they are equal partners in the developing musical selections. Jazz music originated in New Orleans. In the late 1700s-1840 there was a common meeting place for most slaves called, Congo Square. Slaves were permitted to dance, sing, and play drums on Sundays.
The emergence of jazz formed as social state of affairs between the black and white populations in late 19th century. The white wanted to keep the black slavery under control while the African-Americans propelled to develop and maintain their own culture and traditions. Jazz, as a unique genre of music, represented their traditions and experiences and passed down through generations. These included ragtime, an upbeat primarily piano-based style, and the blues, rooted in the work songs of the Southern plantation and sharecropping tradition. The difference between these two styles involves artists, major composition and influence.
Some great Urban Blues musicians were T-Bone Walker and B.B. King. Chicago Blues was a combination with swing jazz and boogie boogie piano with Delta
Jazz changed the world for Blacks because it gave them the freedom to express themselves without constraint. Jazz has no limits, which gave Blacks the freedom to be original. The first known form of jazz in the United States was called Ragtime and it was introduced in 1895 by Ernest Hogan. New Orleans became the “official” birthplace of jazz in the 1910’s because many jazz artists performed in brothels and bars in what s known as “Storyville.” Performers from New Orleans then traveled to big cities such as New York, Chicago, and Kansas City. Louie Armstrong and Charlie Parker came along and helped introduce the world to Scatting.
Sam Myers’ vocals gave an impression of a deep bluesy feel that has spanned different genres of music. A couple of the songs had the readily apparent AAB form with the expected fill-ins at the end of each verse. Other songs felt like rhythm and blues or a rock style jazz providing many opportunities for varying length solos by all band members. Funderburgh and Myers’ slide harmonica did the most prominent solos. The slide harmonica solos conjured up a real “bluesy” feeling regardless of the tempo of the song and adding blues notes when needed.
As it started spreading around the world, Jazz made an amazing impression on national, regional and local cultures forming many distinctive styles of jazz. Some of the most famous styles/genres of jazz includes Afro-Cuban jazz, Ska jazz, Indo jazz, soul jazz, Latin jazz, jazz fusion, punk jazz and bebop. The style of Bebop jazz is characterized by its fast tempos, instrumental brilliance and improvisation that’s based on a combination of harmonic organization and melody. The bebop style of jazz began at the beginning of World War two and right after the end of the swing jazz era. The music of the swing era was popular from the 1930’s to around the beginning of World War two when most of the Jazz musicians went off to fight in the war.
In the bridge, high bowed strings, sometimes using harmonics and tremolo, add a countermelody. Orchestration There are five woodwind players who double up: Clarinet and saxophone Two horns Three trumpets Two trombones Seven violins Four cellos Two double basses Drum kit Percussionists Piano Electric and accoustic guitar Structure The song does not follow a conventional verse-chorus structure, but has several musical ideas and sections that recur. The structure is: Introduction Section A Section B Section B1 Section A 1 Outro [fades
The danceable swing style of big bands and bandleaders such as Benny Goodman was the dominant form of American popular music from 1935 to 1946, a period known as the Swing Era. The verb "to swing" is also used as a term of praise for playing that has a strong rhythmic "groove" or drive. History: 1920s: Origins The styles of jazz that were popular from the late teens through the late 1920s were usually played with rhythms with a two beat feel, and often attempted to reproduce the style of contrapuntal improvisation developed by the first generation of jazz musicians in New Orleans. In the late 1920s, however, larger ensembles using written arrangements became the norm, and a subtle stylistic shift took place in the rhythm, which developed a four beat feel with a smoothly syncopated style of playing the melody, while the rhythm section supported it with a steady four to the bar. Like jazz, swing was created by African Americans, and its impact on the overall American culture was such that it marked and named an entire era of the USA, the swing era – as the 1920s had been termed "The Jazz Age".
History Of Jazz Mus 225 Professor Hebert A. Smith, M.A 1. Race Record played what value in the development of African American music. Prior to the emergence of rhythm & blues as a musical genre in the 1940s, "race music" and "race records" were terms used to categorize practically all types of African-American music. Race records were the first examples of popular music recorded by and marketed to black Americans. Reflecting the segregated status of American society and culture, race records were separate catalogs of African-American music.