When Henry VIII became king in 1509 he had a number of aims that he wished to achieve during this period of time. He wanted to be seen as a very different king to his father Henry VII. He wanted to get England noticed as a major power in Europe and also enrich his reputation, honour and prestige. But Henry’s first and biggest goal was to get a male heir. Some may say that Henry was largely successful in achieving his aims with his biggest success being the battle of the spurs in 1513.
There are many historians that argue if the minority council had influence over the causes in either the long or short term causes of the War of the Roses. In John Gillingham’s book, ‘the War of the Roses,’ quotes that ‘the Lancastrian council ruled economically and well’,’ which meant that despite the ‘personal rivalries between the king’s uncles’ they made sure they kept it ‘confined to quarrels in the council chamber’ and the minority is described as being ‘remarkable’ due to the fact that the Anglo-Burgundian alliance
How significant was Wolsey in the running of the government in 1514-1529? Wolsey was a great servant to Henry VIII in government from 1514-1529, becoming one of the highest powers in the country. As he was given the title of Lord Chancellor, it meant his power was at probably its greatest point. Henry was said to be a very lazy monarch, and therefore Wolsey would have a significant amount of duties to run the monarchy. Wolsey changed areas of government such as the justice system and revised areas such as finances and parliament structure.
“Somerset and Northumberland were effective and capable rulers” Assess the validity of this interpretation. Throughout the reigns of both Northumberland and Somerset there were inevitably issues and successes on both sides. The factors we can assess are Religion, social and economic and finally foreign policy. Northumberland undoubtedly had his problems, as did Somerset, although it is clear that both were capable rulers it was just the situations they both inherited that caused their downfalls. Northumberland’s religious views were unclear as he seemed to drift between beliefs in order to achieve the most power possible for himself.
Do you agree with the suggestion in Source 6 that Henry treated Wolsey more as a partner than as a servant? Many believe that Wolsey was a partner and not a servant in the eyes of Henry due to him being often depicted as an alter rex or more commonly known as the other King. However there are those who do believe that Wolsey was a servant who was just very clever at getting his way and therefore fooling people into believing that he was an alter rex. Source 6 suggests that Wolsey was more of a partner to Henry but only between the years 1515 and 1525. The reason that he was more of a partner between those years was due to him being able to please the King in any way from allowing the young King to enjoy and indulge himself in Hunting, sports and drinking whereas many of his other advisors told him to be more like his father.
This could be because a larger member state still want to remain a solitary sovereign state despite its membership with the European Union as it weakens their autonomy and national institutions, for example with the UK. National diversity still exists in a lot of member states. But older member states are also more likely to have larger patterns of Europeanisation as they have had more time to accustom to it. In a paper written by Adolpsen, M et al (2007), they argued interestingly that older member states showed vertical Europeanisation due to the idea that they have had “more time to grow accustomed to EU politics and were more appreciative of the interconnections of domestic reality and EU policy making.” Another reason for the variation may be due to timing of when each member joined the European Union. Some argue that older member states, such as the ones who first joined and created the EU have “had more time to be accustomed to the importance of EU politics and to appreciate the interconnections between domestic reality and EU policy making” and have a more stronger level of vertical Europeanisation.
Conservatives argue that if a society is organic, there will be a 'natural aristocracy' (Burke). This is the idea that some people are born with the talents and abilities to lead society, while others do not. These people will lead and shape society. This could be said to lead to a natural inequality. However, conservatives argue that this is fair, as those who shoulder mores responsibility in society should be repaid more in terms of wealth than someone with less responsibility.
Erin Peluso Throughout history, Western civilization has remained a super power superior to all other nation because of its ability to overcome adversity. Western influence is viewed as a topic in which many people disagree on because over time it has had so many debatable issues arise. Christopher Columbus and his voyage and discovery of the New World are one of the most popular debates. While some believe that Columbus’s discovery was astounding and had a positive impact on the world forever, others believe that the discovery was nothing more than an act of slavery, and genocide, as well as a waste of natural resources in a new land. In some cases, historians even believe that the discovery should not be credited to Christopher Columbus.
While Madison supported a strong central government, he also helped implement what are common separations of power and checks and balances. Originally a Federalist and author of many of the Federalist Papers along with colleagues such as John Jay and Alexander Hamilton, Madison was not only a scholar but a statesman that saw the dangers of a hard, ridged stance for federal government. Madison feared the likelihood of each state in the Confederacy having its own monetary systems and laws. He feared that bankruptcy from one state might seep to the next with a catastrophic result. He held a firm stance against treason and sedition.
Robert E. Kelley and Barbara Kellerman focus on the followers in the relationship because they are the major driving force in the success of a company or organization. As Kelley mentions, “Without his armies, after all, Napoleon was just a man with grandiose ambitions.” Kelley believes that more attention should be paid to the followers rather than the leaders because effective followers can succeed without strong leadership. He points out that