Meanings of Itelligence and Adaptive Behavior Essay

1129 WordsFeb 13, 20135 Pages
Meanings of Intelligence and Adaptive Behavior: Assessing Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities John W. Smith Grand Canyon University: SPE-553-0101 February 3, 2013 Meanings of Intelligence and Adaptive Behavior: Assessing Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities Students diagnosed with Intellectual Disabilities (ID), or also commonly known as Mental Retardation (MR) are a complex population to assess and may be challenging group to work with due to their academic and social needs. When working with specific behaviors it is often difficult to identify and diagnose why an individual preforms even the simplest behavior let alone multiple complex behaviors leading to a disorder. This paper will identify specific characteristics associated with ID student qualifying for special education services, discuss the meanings of intelligence and adaptive behavior in relation to ID students, and define the problems that are connected with assessing students with ID. Identifying weather or not a student has an ID can be a time consuming process that “involves complex decisions that integrate information on current intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior.” (Board on Behavioral, Cognitive and Sensory Sciences (BBCSS), 2002). Students undergoing intellectual and adaptive assessments often display specific characteristics that lead to the suspicion that they may qualify for special education services. A few characteristics of a student that has an ID is that the student has a lower IQ then most individuals of the same age group, causing them to have difficulties learning content at the same rate as peers, difficulties with oral expression, listening comprehension, at risk in the areas of social/emotional/adaptive, and is not responding to interventions being put in place by the general education teacher. Intellectual functioning of an individual refers to

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