Understanding People with Intelectual Disabilities

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Understanding Persons with Intellectual Disabilities SPE 526 Ronaver D. Boatwright March 21, 2012 Susan Myers Understanding Persons with Intellectual Disabilities The Individual with Disabilities Act, or IDEA helped to open the door for the equal provision of educational services to those children diagnosed with disabilities. These individuals were afforded the opportunity to receive these services through special education programs that are provided through public school systems. IDEA recognizes 14 disabilities, all of which adversely affects the educational performance of the children diagnosed. Under IDEA, schools must provide a free appropriate education to any individual with a disability who needs special educational services. I will be discussing 5 disabilities that affect people intellectually. Intellectual disabilities are disabilities characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior which covers many everyday social and practical skills and originates before the age of 18. The main characteristics of the intellectually disabled are classed into 4 areas physical, mental, social, and emotional. Intellectual disabilities are like any other disability in that the degree of their ability to do school work and adapt to social settings vary from child to child. Children with this disability tend to have more delay in development of academic, social, and adaptive skills particularly in learning to read and learn basic math skills. This often tends to lead to further delays in academic progress in other areas such as writing, spelling, and science, all of which require the knowledge of fundamental skills. Intellectual disabilities can be caused by any condition that impairs development of the brain before or during birth, or in childhood years. Two known causes are Down

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